At what temperature does Mount Everest’s peak and base measure?

Tourist Attractions

By Kristy Tolley

Introduction

Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world, is located in the Himalayas on the border of Nepal and Tibet. It is a popular destination for mountaineers, trekkers, and adventurers despite the challenges it presents, including extreme temperatures. Understanding the temperature at the peak and base of Mount Everest is crucial for anyone planning to visit the mountain.

The Height of Mount Everest

Mount Everest is the tallest mountain in the world, with a height of 29,032 feet (8,849 meters) above sea level. The summit sits at the top of the mountain, and it is the highest point on Earth. The base of the mountain is approximately 17,598 feet (5,364 meters) above sea level, making it a challenging climb even at the beginning.

The Climate of Mount Everest

Mount Everest is located in a region with a unique climate. The mountain is located between the subtropical and polar climates, making it difficult to predict the weather. The climate is mostly determined by the altitude, and the mountain experiences four seasons: spring, summer, autumn, and winter. During the summer months, the weather is warm, while the winter months are freezing. The average temperature on the mountain ranges from -40°F (-40°C) to 20°F (-7°C).

The Temperature at the Summit

The temperature at the summit of Mount Everest can reach as low as -76°F (-60°C). It is important to note that the temperature can vary depending on the time of day, season, and weather conditions. Mountaineers and trekkers need to be prepared for extreme cold temperatures and low oxygen levels.

The Temperature at the Base

The temperature at the base of Mount Everest varies depending on the time of year. During the summer months, the temperature can reach up to 68°F (20°C), while in the winter months, the temperature can drop to -4°F (-20°C). The base of the mountain is warmer than the summit, but it can still be extremely cold.

Factors Affecting Temperature

Several factors can affect the temperature on Mount Everest, including altitude, humidity, wind speed, and cloud cover. As altitude increases, the temperature decreases, and the air becomes thinner. Humidity can also affect the temperature, with high humidity making the air feel warmer and low humidity making the air feel colder. Wind speed can also make the temperature feel colder than it actually is. Cloud cover can trap heat, making the temperature feel warmer, or it can reflect sunlight, making the temperature feel colder.

Temperature Variations Throughout the Year

The temperature on Mount Everest varies significantly throughout the year. In the spring months of March to May, the temperature can range from 5°F (-15°C) to 20°F (-7°C). During the summer months of June to August, the temperature can range from 20°F (-7°C) to 32°F (0°C). In the autumn months of September to November, the temperature can range from 5°F (-15°C) to 20°F (-7°C). During the winter months of December to February, the temperature can drop below -40°F (-40°C).

Temperature Variations Throughout the Day

The temperature on Mount Everest can also vary significantly throughout the day. At night, the temperature can drop to below freezing, while during the day, the temperature can increase by several degrees. The temperature also varies depending on the location on the mountain, with the summit being colder than the base.

The Impact of Climate Change

Climate change is affecting the temperature on Mount Everest. The mountain has experienced an increase in temperature of 1.8°F (1°C) over the past century. This increase in temperature has led to the melting of glaciers and a rise in sea levels. The impact of climate change on Mount Everest is a cause for concern, as it can affect the environment and the safety of climbers.

Preparing for Extreme Temperatures

Preparing for extreme temperatures on Mount Everest is crucial for climbers and trekkers. It is important to dress in layers, wear warm and waterproof clothing, and use appropriate equipment. Climbers should also acclimatize to the altitude before attempting to climb to the summit.

Conclusion

Understanding the temperature on Mount Everest is crucial for anyone planning to visit the mountain. The temperature at the summit can reach as low as -76°F (-60°C), while the temperature at the base varies depending on the time of year. Several factors affect the temperature, including altitude, humidity, wind speed, and cloud cover. Climate change is also affecting the temperature on Mount Everest, and climbers and trekkers need to be prepared for extreme temperatures.

References

  • National Geographic. (2021). "Mount Everest". Retrieved from
  • Mount Everest.net. (2021). "The Climate of Mount Everest". Retrieved from
  • Weather Atlas. (2021). "Mount Everest, Nepal – Climate data". Retrieved from https://www.weather-us.com/en/nepal/mount-everest-climate
  • Everest Base Camp. (2021). "Temperature on Everest". Retrieved from
  • The Guardian. (2019). "Mount Everest melting glaciers expose dead bodies of climbers". Retrieved from
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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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