At what time did the Oslo agreement commence?

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By Meagan Drillinger

The Oslo Accords

The Oslo Accords, also known as the Oslo I Accord, were a historic set of agreements signed between the government of Israel and the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in September 1993. The negotiations were facilitated by the Norwegian government, hence the name “Oslo Accords”. These accords marked a major turning point in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and were hailed as a breakthrough in efforts to establish peace in the Middle East.

The Signing of the Oslo Accords

On September 13, 1993, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin and PLO Chairman Yasser Arafat shook hands on the White House lawn in Washington, D.C., in the presence of then-US President Bill Clinton. This iconic moment marked the signing of the Oslo Accords, after months of secret negotiations in Norway. The agreement was witnessed by representatives from Russia, the European Union, and other countries.

What was the Oslo Accords about?

The Oslo Accords were aimed at resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and establishing a lasting peace between the two sides. The agreement recognized the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people and provided for the creation of a Palestinian interim self-government, the Palestinian Authority (PA). The PA was given limited control over certain areas in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and Israel agreed to withdraw from these areas in stages.

The Timeline of the Oslo Accords

The Oslo Accords were signed in September 1993, and negotiations continued until September 1995, when the Oslo II Accord was signed. This agreement provided for the further withdrawal of Israeli troops from Palestinian territories and the transfer of more control to the Palestinian Authority. However, the implementation of the Oslo Accords faced many challenges, and the process was marred by violence and setbacks.

The Implementation of the Oslo Accords

The implementation of the Oslo Accords faced many obstacles, including disagreements over land and security issues, as well as acts of terrorism and violence on both sides. The transfer of control over certain areas to the Palestinian Authority was delayed, and Israel continued to build settlements in the West Bank, which were seen as a violation of the accords.

The Oslo Accords’ Achievements

Despite the challenges, the Oslo Accords achieved some significant milestones, including the establishment of the Palestinian Authority and the recognition of the PLO as a legitimate partner in negotiations. The accords also paved the way for the signing of other peace agreements, such as the Israel-Jordan peace treaty in 1994.

The Controversies Surrounding the Oslo Accords

The Oslo Accords were not without controversy, and critics on both sides accused their respective leaderships of making concessions that were damaging to their interests. Some Israelis saw the accords as a threat to their security, while some Palestinians saw them as a capitulation to Israel.

The Impact of the Oslo Accords on the Middle East

The Oslo Accords had a significant impact on the Middle East, as they provided a framework for negotiations between Israel and the Palestinians and set the stage for future peace talks. The accords also served as a model for other peace agreements in the region and beyond.

What Happened to the Oslo Accords?

The implementation of the Oslo Accords faced many challenges, and the process ultimately stalled. The outbreak of the second intifada in 2000 led to a breakdown in negotiations and a return to violence. Although various attempts have been made to revive the peace process, the prospects for a two-state solution remain uncertain.

The Legacy of the Oslo Accords

Despite the failure to achieve a lasting peace, the Oslo Accords remain a significant milestone in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. They provided a blueprint for a two-state solution and demonstrated that negotiated agreements were possible. The accords also highlighted the need for continued dialogue and engagement between the two sides.

Conclusion: The Oslo Accords’ Significance

The Oslo Accords were a historic achievement in efforts to resolve the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and establish a lasting peace in the Middle East. Although the process was not without challenges, the accords provided a framework for negotiations and set the stage for future peace talks. The legacy of the Oslo Accords remains relevant today, as the quest for a two-state solution continues.

References and Further Reading

  • Oslo II Accord: https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/the-oslo-ii-accord
  • Oslo Accords: A Beginner’s Guide: https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-24283462
  • What Are the Oslo Accords?: https://www.cfr.org/backgrounder/what-are-oslo-accords
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Meagan Drillinger

Meagan Drillinger, an avid travel writer with a passion ignited in 2009. Having explored over 30 countries, Mexico holds a special place in her heart due to its captivating cultural tapestry, delectable cuisine, diverse landscapes, and warm-hearted people. A proud alumnus of New York University’s Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute, when she isn’t uncovering the wonders of New York City, Meagan is eagerly planning her next exhilarating escapade.

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