For what reason was the construction of the Leaning Tower of Pisa undertaken?

Tourist Attractions

By Kristy Tolley

The Leaning Tower of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa is a world-famous bell tower located in the Italian city of Pisa. It is known for its distinctive tilt, which has made it a popular tourist attraction for centuries. The tower was completed in the late 14th century and stands at a height of 56 meters. Despite its lean, it has remained standing for more than 600 years, making it an enduring symbol of Italian architecture and ingenuity.

Historical context: The city of Pisa in the 12th century

In the 12th century, Pisa was a powerful maritime republic located on the coast of Tuscany. The city’s wealth allowed it to undertake ambitious building projects, including the construction of a new cathedral and bell tower. The tower was intended to serve as a symbol of the city’s wealth and power, as well as a place for the bells to be rung to mark important events and religious ceremonies.

The purpose of the tower: Initial plans and ideas

The original plans for the tower called for a traditional bell tower with a straight vertical design. However, as construction began, it became apparent that the soft soil beneath the tower was unable to support its weight. The builders attempted to compensate by making the base of the tower wider and adding extra stone to one side, but this only caused the tower to lean further. Despite this setback, the builders continued with the construction, hoping that the tower would eventually stabilize itself.

Architectural design: The planning and execution

The tower was designed by a group of architects and engineers, including Bonanno Pisano, Gherardo di Gherardo, and Diotisalvi. The tower’s construction began in 1173 and took nearly two centuries to complete. The tower was built in a Romanesque style and constructed using white marble and limestone. It consists of eight floors, each with a different number of columns, and a bell chamber at the top.

The construction: The challenges and setbacks

Construction on the tower was fraught with difficulties from the beginning. The soft soil beneath the tower caused it to lean almost immediately, leading to multiple setbacks and delays. The builders attempted to compensate for the lean by adding extra weight to the opposite side of the tower, but this only made the situation worse. Despite these challenges, the builders continued with the construction, hoping that the tower would eventually stabilize itself.

The lean: Understanding the tower’s tilt

The tower’s tilt is the result of the soft soil beneath its foundation. The soil, which is composed of weak clay and sand, was unable to support the weight of the tower, causing it to sink on one side. The lean has been measured at an angle of about 5 degrees, which is enough to make the tower visibly slant to one side.

Theories on the lean: Scientific and cultural explanations

There are many theories about why the tower leans, including scientific and cultural explanations. Some scientists believe that the tilt is the result of a combination of the tower’s weight and the soft soil beneath it. Others believe that the lean is the result of the tower’s foundation being built on an ancient Roman burial ground, which caused the soil to become unstable.

Historical significance: The tower’s impact on Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa has had a significant impact on the city of Pisa. It has become one of the city’s most famous landmarks and a symbol of its rich cultural heritage. It has also contributed to the city’s economy, attracting millions of tourists each year and generating revenue for local businesses.

Tourism and the tower: Attraction and revenue

Tourism is a major industry in Pisa, and the Leaning Tower is one of the city’s biggest attractions. The tower attracts millions of visitors each year, generating revenue for local businesses and supporting the city’s economy. Despite its lean, the tower has remained a popular tourist destination for centuries, and it continues to draw visitors from all over the world.

Preservation efforts: Protecting the tower for the future

In recent years, there have been efforts to preserve the Leaning Tower of Pisa and protect it for future generations. These efforts include stabilizing the tower’s lean, reinforcing its foundation, and improving its overall structural integrity. These efforts have been successful in keeping the tower standing, and they will continue to be important in ensuring that it remains a symbol of Italian architecture for centuries to come.

Conclusion: The enduring legacy of the Leaning Tower of Pisa

The Leaning Tower of Pisa is a remarkable feat of Italian architecture and engineering, and its enduring legacy is a testament to the ingenuity and perseverance of its builders. Despite the challenges and setbacks they faced, the builders continued with the construction, creating a tower that has captured the world’s imagination for centuries. Today, the tower remains a symbol of Italian culture and heritage, and it will continue to inspire future generations for years to come.

References: Sources used for the article

  • "The Leaning Tower of Pisa: History and Mystery." National Geographic, 19 Mar. 2019,
  • "Leaning Tower of Pisa." UNESCO World Heritage Centre,
  • "Leaning Tower of Pisa Facts and History." Live Science, 5 Dec. 2019,
Photo of author

Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

Leave a Comment