In which country is the Amazon river located?

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By Kristy Tolley

The Mighty Amazon River

The Amazon River is one of the most iconic natural wonders of the world, spanning a length of over 6,400 km and carrying an average flow of 209,000 cubic meters per second. It is often referred to as the "lungs of the planet" due to its role in producing 20% of the world’s oxygen, as well as being home to the largest rainforest in the world.

Overview: Where is the Amazon River?

The Amazon River is the second-longest river in the world, after the Nile River in Africa. It is located in South America and is the lifeline of the Amazon basin, which covers an area of over 7 million square kilometers. This basin spans across nine countries in South America, including Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana.

Geographical Location of the Amazon River

The Amazon River originates in the Andes Mountains of Peru and flows eastward until it reaches the Atlantic Ocean in Brazil. The river is fed by over 1,100 tributaries, including some of the largest rivers in the world such as the Negro, Madeira, and Tapajós. The river also has the largest drainage basin in the world, covering an area of approximately 7.05 million square kilometers.

Boundaries of the Amazon River Basin

The Amazon River basin is defined by the surrounding mountain ranges, including the Andes to the west and the Brazilian Highlands to the south and east. The basin is also marked by the confluence of the Solimões and Negro Rivers in Brazil, which is considered the starting point of the Amazon River.

Countries Through Which the Amazon River Flows

The Amazon River flows through nine countries in South America, including Brazil, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Ecuador, Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, and French Guiana. The river is a vital source of water, food, and transportation for millions of people living in these countries, and it is also home to thousands of plant and animal species that are unique to the region.

The Largest Country with Amazon River

Brazil is the largest country with Amazon River, with approximately 60% of the Amazon basin located within its borders. The Brazilian Amazon is home to the largest remaining tropical rainforest in the world, which is essential for regulating the planet’s climate, producing oxygen, and providing habitat for a vast array of wildlife.

Brazil – Home to the Amazon Rainforest

The Amazon Rainforest is the largest tropical rainforest in the world, covering an area of approximately 6.7 million square kilometers. It is the home to millions of species of plants, animals, and insects, many of which are found nowhere else on Earth. The Amazon Rainforest also plays a critical role in regulating the Earth’s climate, as it absorbs and stores massive amounts of carbon dioxide, which is released back into the atmosphere when trees are cut down.

The Importance of the Amazon River

The Amazon River is incredibly important to the planet’s health and the people who live in the Amazon basin. It provides critical habitat for aquatic and terrestrial species, regulates the climate, and sustains the livelihoods of millions of people who rely on its water and resources for survival. The river also plays a vital role in global commerce, as it is a major transportation route for goods and products from the Amazon basin.

Threats to the Amazon River and Its Ecosystem

The Amazon River and its ecosystem are facing a range of threats, including deforestation, mining, pollution, and climate change. Deforestation remains the most significant threat to the Amazon Rainforest, as large areas are cleared for agriculture, cattle ranching, and logging. Mining activities, particularly for gold and other precious metals, are also causing significant damage to the river as toxic chemicals used in the mining process pollute the water and destroy aquatic habitats.

Conservation Efforts for the Amazon River

Numerous conservation efforts are underway to protect the Amazon River and its ecosystem. Governments, NGOs, and local communities are working to establish protected areas, reduce deforestation and pollution, and promote sustainable land use practices. International agreements, such as the Paris Agreement on climate change, are also helping to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the impacts of climate change on the Amazon River basin.

Conclusion: Preserving the Amazon River for Future Generations

The Amazon River is a critical component of the planet’s ecological and cultural heritage. It is essential that we take steps to preserve this natural wonder for future generations to come. Through education, awareness-raising, and sustainable land use practices, we can work together to ensure that the Amazon River and its ecosystem remain healthy and vibrant for years to come.

References: Sources on the Amazon River and Brazil

  1. WWF. (2021). Amazon River. Retrieved from
  2. NASA. (2020). Amazon River. Retrieved from
  3. National Geographic. (2021). Amazon Rainforest. Retrieved from
  4. United Nations. (2021). Sustainable Development Goals. Retrieved from
  5. Mongabay. (2021). The Amazon. Retrieved from
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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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