In which hemisphere is Israel located?

Travel Destinations

By Kristy Tolley

The Location of Israel

Israel is a small country located in the Middle East, bordered by Lebanon to the north, Syria to the northeast, Jordan to the east, Egypt to the southwest, and the Mediterranean Sea to the west. It is a country with a rich history, culture, and religion, and is considered a holy land for many people around the world.

What is a Hemisphere?

A hemisphere refers to half of the Earth’s globe, divided into the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere by the equator, and the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere by the prime meridian. The Northern Hemisphere consists of all land and water north of the equator, while the Southern Hemisphere consists of all land and water south of the equator. The Eastern Hemisphere consists of all land and water to the east of the prime meridian, while the Western Hemisphere consists of all land and water to the west of the prime meridian.

The Geography of Israel

Israel is a relatively small country, covering an area of around 22,000 square kilometers. It is situated on the eastern shore of the Mediterranean Sea, and is dominated by the coastal plain, which runs along the Mediterranean coastline, and the Judaean Mountains, which run parallel to the coast. The northern part of the country is characterized by high mountains, while the southern part is dominated by the Negev Desert.

The Prime Meridian and Hemispheres

The prime meridian is a line of longitude that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole, passing through Greenwich, England. It is used as the reference point for calculating longitude around the globe. The prime meridian divides the globe into the Eastern Hemisphere and the Western Hemisphere.

Israel’s Latitude and Longitude

Israel’s latitude and longitude are 31.0461° N and 34.8516° E, respectively. This means that Israel is located north of the equator and east of the prime meridian.

The Equator and Hemispheres

The equator is an imaginary line that circles the globe at 0° latitude, dividing the Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere.

Israel’s Position in the Northern Hemisphere

Israel is located in the Northern Hemisphere, which means that it is part of all land and water north of the equator. As a result, Israel experiences the seasons of spring, summer, fall, and winter, just like most other countries in the Northern Hemisphere.

Northern Hemisphere’s Climate and Seasons

The Northern Hemisphere experiences a wide range of climates, ranging from tropical in the equatorial regions to polar in the far northern and southern regions. The seasons in the Northern Hemisphere are caused by the tilt of the Earth’s axis, which causes the amount of daylight and the angle of the sun’s rays to vary throughout the year.

Israel’s Position in the Eastern Hemisphere

Israel is also located in the Eastern Hemisphere, which means that it is part of all land and water to the east of the prime meridian.

Eastern Hemisphere’s Time Zones

The Eastern Hemisphere is divided into several time zones, with each time zone spanning 15 degrees of longitude. Israel is located in the UTC+2 time zone, which is two hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC).

Conclusion: Israel’s Hemisphere

In conclusion, Israel is located in the Northern Hemisphere and the Eastern Hemisphere, which means that it is part of all land and water north of the equator and to the east of the prime meridian. This has an impact on the country’s climate, seasons, and time zone.

References and Further Reading

  • CIA World Factbook: Israel. https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/israel/
  • National Geographic Society. (2019). Hemisphere. In National Geographic Kids Almanac 2020. National Geographic Society.
  • Time and Date. (n.d.). Time in Israel. https://www.timeanddate.com/time/zone/israel/
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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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