Is Europe’s land area larger than Australia’s land area?

Travel Destinations

By Sarah Anderson

Europe and Australia

Europe and Australia are two of the world’s seven continents, with distinct geographic features, cultures, and histories. Europe is located in the Northern Hemisphere, bordered by the Arctic Ocean to the north, the Atlantic Ocean to the west, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south, while Australia is situated in the Southern Hemisphere, surrounded by the Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Determining land area: methodologies

Land area is the total surface area of a region or country that is not covered by water, including forests, mountains, deserts, and arable lands. Two common methodologies for measuring land area are the Mercator projection and the Peters projection. The Mercator projection is a cylindrical map projection that distorts the sizes of landmasses near the poles, while the Peters projection is an equal-area map projection that shows the relative sizes of landmasses accurately.

Measuring Europe’s land area

Europe’s land area is approximately 10.18 million square kilometers, making it the second smallest continent after Australia. The continent covers about 6.8% of the Earth’s total land area and is home to 44 countries, including Russia, which is the largest country in the world by land area. The European continent has a diverse landscape, ranging from the frozen tundra of Scandinavia to the volcanic islands of Greece, and from the rolling hills of the British Isles to the vast plains of Russia.

Measuring Australia’s land area

Australia’s land area is approximately 7.69 million square kilometers, making it the sixth largest country in the world. The continent covers about 5.1% of the Earth’s total land area and is home to six states and two territories. Australia is known for its unique flora and fauna, including kangaroos, koalas, and eucalyptus trees. The continent’s landscape is dominated by the Outback, a vast arid region in the interior, and the Great Barrier Reef, the world’s largest coral reef system off the coast.

Land area comparison: Europe vs Australia

Europe’s land area is larger than Australia’s land area by approximately 2.49 million square kilometers. Despite its smaller size, Australia boasts the world’s largest desert, the Great Victoria Desert, and the world’s longest river, the Murray River. Europe, on the other hand, has a higher number of countries, cities, and cultural landmarks, including the Eiffel Tower, the Colosseum, and the Acropolis.

Land features: Europe vs Australia

Europe and Australia have distinct land features that reflect their geological history and location. Europe is home to the Alps, the Pyrenees, and the Caucasus mountain ranges, as well as numerous rivers, lakes, and forests. Australia, on the other hand, has a flatter and more arid landscape, with the Great Dividing Range, the Nullarbor Plain, and the Simpson Desert as notable features.

Population density: Europe vs Australia

Europe has a much higher population density than Australia, with an average of 34 people per square kilometer compared to Australia’s 3 people per square kilometer. Europe’s higher population density is due to its long history of civilization, urbanization, and industrialization, as well as its smaller land area. Australia’s lower population density reflects its vast size, harsh climate, and relatively recent history of settlement.

Economic activity: Europe vs Australia

Europe and Australia have different economic profiles, with Europe having a more developed and diversified economy than Australia. Europe’s economy is based on services, industry, and agriculture, with countries such as Germany, France, and the United Kingdom leading in technology, manufacturing, and finance. Australia’s economy is heavily reliant on natural resources, such as coal, iron ore, and gold, as well as tourism and education.

Natural resources: Europe vs Australia

Europe and Australia have different natural resources, reflecting their geological and environmental conditions. Europe has abundant reserves of coal, oil, and natural gas, as well as fertile soils, timber, and freshwater resources. Australia, on the other hand, has vast reserves of minerals, such as iron ore, bauxite, and uranium, as well as natural gas and renewable energy sources, such as solar and wind power.

Climate and weather: Europe vs Australia

Europe and Australia have diverse climates and weather patterns, ranging from the cold and snowy winters of Scandinavia to the hot and humid summers of Southeast Asia. Europe has a temperate climate, with four distinct seasons, while Australia has a mostly arid or semi-arid climate, with varying temperatures and rainfall across the continent. Both continents are affected by global climate change, with rising temperatures and more extreme weather events.

Conclusion: Europe and Australia’s land area

In conclusion, Europe’s land area is larger than Australia’s land area, but both continents have distinct geographic, cultural, and economic features. Europe is known for its rich history, diverse landscapes, and urban centers, while Australia is famous for its natural beauty, vast wilderness, and laid-back lifestyle. Despite their differences, Europe and Australia are connected by trade, tourism, and cultural exchange, and continue to play a significant role in global affairs.

References: sources and additional reading

  • CIA World Factbook:
  • National Geographic:
  • World Wildlife Fund:
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Sarah Anderson

Sarah Anderson, an Anchorage-based travel writer contributing her expertise to TravelAsker. Her in-depth knowledge of Alaska, both in her hometown and throughout the state, makes her the go-to local expert. From top-notch accommodations to delectable dining spots and thrilling activities, Sarah’s insightful recommendations ensure you’ll have a fantastic family trip in Alaska.

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