The Northern Borders of Mexico – Which Countries are They Shared with?

Travel Destinations

By Meagan Drillinger

Mexico, a vibrant country in North America, shares its borders with three countries: the United States, Belize, and Guatemala. The northern border of Mexico stretches for approximately 3,152 kilometers, making it one of the longest borders in the world.

The United States shares the longest border with Mexico, extending for about 3,145 kilometers. This border, known as the Mexico-United States border or the Rio Grande border, starts at the mouth of the Rio Grande river and extends westward until it reaches the Pacific Ocean. The border is marked by both natural and man-made barriers, including rivers, mountains, fences, and walls.

Belize, a small country located on the eastern coast of Central America, shares a short border with Mexico in its southeastern region. The Mexico-Belize border stretches for approximately 250 kilometers, and it is mainly defined by the Hondo River, which serves as a natural boundary between the two countries.

Guatemala, another Central American country, also shares a border with Mexico. The Mexico-Guatemala border extends for around 871 kilometers. This border is marked by various rivers, such as the Suchiate River and the Usumacinta River, as well as by mountains and dense vegetation.

In conclusion, Mexico is bordered on the north by the United States, Belize, and Guatemala. These borders not only define the geopolitical space of Mexico but also play a significant role in shaping its cultural and economic interactions with neighboring countries.

Countries Bordering Mexico on the North

Mexico is located in the southern part of North America and shares its borders with three countries to the north. These countries are:

  • United States: Mexico shares a long border with the United States, spanning approximately 3,145 kilometers (1,954 miles). The border extends from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean and is marked by various physical features, including rivers and mountains.
  • Canada: The border between Mexico and Canada is defined by the United States-Mexico border, as Canada does not directly share a land border with Mexico. The United States acts as a buffer between the two countries.
  • Guatemala: Mexico’s southern border is shared with Guatemala. This border is approximately 871 kilometers (541 miles) long and is defined by the Suchiate River, which separates the two countries.

These neighboring countries have influenced Mexico’s culture, history, and economy, as they have contributed to the movement of people, goods, and ideas across the borders.

It is worth noting that Mexico also has coastal borders on the Gulf of Mexico and the Caribbean Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west, further enriching its geographical diversity.

United States – Mexico Northern Border

The United States and Mexico share a border that stretches approximately 3,145 kilometers (1,954 miles) from the Gulf of Mexico to the Pacific Ocean. The border between the two countries starts at the mouth of the Rio Grande in Texas and continues westward through various states including New Mexico, Arizona, and California.

The border is one of the most significant and busiest borders in the world. It is heavily monitored and controlled by both countries to ensure the legal flow of goods and people while also preventing illegal activities such as medicine trafficking and human smuggling.

The Northern border between the United States and Mexico has a diverse landscape, ranging from the deserts of the southwest to the rugged mountains and forests of the northwest. This diverse geography presents unique challenges for border control and surveillance.

Various measures have been implemented to secure the border, including physical barriers such as fences and walls, as well as technological advancements like surveillance cameras, drones, and motion sensors. Additionally, both countries maintain a strong presence of border patrol agents to enforce immigration and customs laws.

The border region is also significant from an economic perspective, as it facilitates a large amount of trade between the United States and Mexico. The two countries have a strong economic relationship, with billions of dollars’ worth of goods crossing the border each day. This trade relationship is essential for both countries’ economies and supports thousands of jobs on both sides of the border.

Overall, the United States-Mexico northern border is a complex and dynamic region that plays a crucial role in the political, economic, and social aspects of both countries.

Canada – Mexico Northern Border

The northern border of Mexico is shared with the United States of America, specifically with the states of Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and California. Despite this, Mexico does not share a direct border with Canada.

The border between Mexico and the United States is approximately 3,145 kilometers (1,954 miles) long. It is marked by a variety of physical barriers, such as rivers, deserts, and mountains.

The Rio Grande, or Rio Bravo as it is known in Mexico, forms a significant portion of the border between the two countries. It stretches for approximately 2,019 kilometers (1,254 miles), serving as a natural division between Texas and the Mexican states of Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo Leon, and Tamaulipas.

Other notable physical features along the northern border include the Sonoran Desert, which covers parts of Arizona and the Mexican states of Sonora and Baja California; the Chihuahuan Desert, which spans across parts of Arizona, New Mexico, and the Mexican states of Chihuahua and Coahuila; and the Sierra Madre Occidental and Sierra Madre Oriental mountain ranges, which run parallel to the border in certain areas.

The northern border of Mexico is also marked by several border crossings, or international ports of entry, where people and goods can legally cross between the two countries. Some of the major border crossings include the San Ysidro Port of Entry in California, which is one of the busiest land border crossings in the world, and the Ciudad Juarez-El Paso Port of Entry, which connects the Mexican city of Ciudad Juarez with the U.S. city of El Paso, Texas.

The border region between Mexico and the United States has its own unique cultural and social dynamics, influenced by the presence of a large immigrant population, cross-border trade, and shared natural resources.

  • The United States and Mexico share a rich history of cultural exchange, with influences from both countries evident in various aspects of art, music, cuisine, and language.
  • Trade between the two countries is significant, with billions of dollars’ worth of goods and services crossing the border each year. The North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA), which includes Canada as well, has further facilitated cross-border trade and economic cooperation.
  • The border region is also home to diverse ecosystems and natural resources. Efforts are underway to protect and preserve these areas through collaboration between Mexico and the United States.

In conclusion, while Mexico does not share a direct border with Canada, its northern border with the United States is significant in terms of geography, culture, and economics.

North American Countries Bordering Mexico

Mexico is a country located in North America, and it shares its borders with three other countries. These countries are:

Country Border Length
United States of America 3,141 kilometers
Guatemala 962 kilometers
Belize 251 kilometers

These countries form Mexico’s northern borders and have a significant impact on its culture, economy, and overall relations with its neighboring countries.

Countries Sharing Northern Border with Mexico

Mexico is bordered on the north by two countries:

1. United States

The United States is Mexico’s neighbor to the north, sharing a border that extends for approximately 3,141 kilometers (1,951 miles). This border is known as the Mexico–United States border, or commonly referred to as the Mexican border. It spans four US states (California, Arizona, New Mexico, and Texas) and six Mexican states (Baja California, Sonora, Chihuahua, Coahuila, Nuevo León, and Tamaulipas). The border region is characterized by both legal and unauthorized migration, as well as extensive trade and cultural exchange.

2. Belize

Belize is located at the southern tip of the Yucatan Peninsula and shares a relatively small border of approximately 250 kilometers (155 miles) with Mexico. This border is predominantly a natural border formed by the Hondo River and is relatively calm compared to the border with the United States. The two countries have historically maintained peaceful relations and have a shared interest in the conservation of their shared ecosystems.

Note: While Mexico does not share a land border with any other country on its northern side, its proximity to the Caribbean Sea also makes it geographically connected to other countries in the region such as Cuba, Jamaica, and the countries of Central America.

Mexico’s Northern Neighbors

Mexico is bordered on the north by three countries: the United States of America, Belize, and Guatemala. Each of these countries has its own unique culture, history, and relationship with Mexico.

The northern border with the United States of America is the longest and most significant border for Mexico. It spans approximately 3,145 kilometers (1,954 miles) and is the main gateway for trade and migration between the two countries. The United States and Mexico share a complex and often dynamic relationship, with various economic, political, and social ties.

To the east of Mexico’s northern border lies Belize. The border between Mexico and Belize spans approximately 250 kilometers (155 miles). Belize, formerly known as British Honduras, is the only country in Central America where English is the official language. The two countries have a good diplomatic relationship and share natural resources, such as the Mesoamerican Barrier Reef System.

South of Belize, Mexico shares a border with Guatemala. The border between Mexico and Guatemala spans approximately 958 kilometers (595 miles). Both countries have a strong indigenous population and share historical and cultural ties. The border region is known for its diverse landscapes, including volcanoes, rainforests, and ancient Mayan ruins.

These three countries form Mexico’s northern frontier, each contributing to its rich cultural diversity and providing opportunities for economic and social exchange. The border regions are characterized by their unique blend of languages, traditions, and customs, making them fascinating areas for exploration and understanding.

Countries That Border Mexico to the North

Mexico is bordered to the north by two countries:

  • United States: The United States shares a border with Mexico along its northern edge. The border stretches for over 3,100 kilometers, making it one of the longest international borders in the world.
  • Canada: Although Canada is located much further north than Mexico, the two countries still share a small maritime border in the Pacific Ocean. This border is located off the coast of the US state of Alaska and the Canadian province of British Columbia.

These two countries play a significant role in shaping Mexico’s economic and political landscape, as they are important trading partners and have a strong influence on Mexico’s immigration and border control policies.


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Meagan Drillinger

Meagan Drillinger, an avid travel writer with a passion ignited in 2009. Having explored over 30 countries, Mexico holds a special place in her heart due to its captivating cultural tapestry, delectable cuisine, diverse landscapes, and warm-hearted people. A proud alumnus of New York University’s Arthur L. Carter Journalism Institute, when she isn’t uncovering the wonders of New York City, Meagan is eagerly planning her next exhilarating escapade.

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