The Seas Surrounding Romania

Tourist Attractions

By Daniela Howard

Romania, a country located in Southeastern Europe, is bordered by several neighboring countries, such as Bulgaria, Serbia, Hungary, Ukraine, and Moldova. In addition to its land borders, Romania is also known for its access to the Black Sea, which lies to the east of the country.

The Black Sea, a body of water bordered by six countries, including Romania, is an important geographical feature of the region. It is the largest inland sea in Europe and connects to the Mediterranean Sea through the Bosporus Strait. The Black Sea has played a significant role in the history, culture, and economy of Romania.

Besides the Black Sea, Romania also has access to two smaller seas. To the south of the country lies the Sea of Marmara, which is connected to the Black Sea through the Bosporus Strait. While not directly bordering Romania, the Sea of Marmara is an essential part of the maritime geography of the region.

To the north of Romania, the country has access to the Sea of Azov. This smaller sea is connected to the Black Sea through the narrow Strait of Kerch. Although relatively small in size, the Sea of Azov has its own unique ecosystem and plays a role in the trade and transportation networks of the region.

Seas surrounding Romania

Romania is a country located in Southeastern Europe, bordered by the Black Sea to the east. The Black Sea is an inland sea with an area of approximately 436,400 square kilometers. It is an important body of water for Romania, providing access to international trade and serving as a popular tourist destination.

In addition to the Black Sea, Romania is also bordered by the Danube River to the south and west. The Danube River is Europe’s second-longest river and flows through ten countries, including Romania. The river forms part of the border between Romania and Serbia, and then Romania and Bulgaria before emptying into the Black Sea.

Along the coast of the Black Sea, Romania has several major ports, including Constanta, which is the largest port in the country. These ports play a crucial role in Romania’s trade and transportation infrastructure, facilitating the import and export of goods to and from the country.

The Black Sea and the Danube River not only provide economic opportunities for Romania but also offer numerous recreational activities for locals and tourists, such as fishing, boating, and swimming. The scenic beauty of the sea and river, combined with the rich cultural and historical heritage of Romania, make it an attractive destination for nature lovers and history enthusiasts.

Sea Location Area
Black Sea East of Romania 436,400 square kilometers

Black Sea

The Black Sea is an inland sea located between Southeastern Europe and Western Asia. It is bounded by Romania, Bulgaria, Turkey, Georgia, Russia, and Ukraine. The sea has a surface area of about 436,400 square kilometers and a maximum depth of about 2,200 meters.

The Black Sea is connected to the Atlantic Ocean via the Mediterranean Sea and the Aegean Sea. It is also connected to the Sea of Azov through the Strait of Kerch. The sea is renowned for its rich biodiversity and unique ecosystem. It is home to a wide variety of fish species, including sturgeon, mackerel, anchovy, and herring.

Country Coastline Length (km)
Romania 225
Bulgaria 378
Turkey 1,576
Georgia 310
Russia 2,900
Ukraine 1,428

The Black Sea is an important transportation route for many countries in the region. It is used for shipping goods and commodities, as well as for tourism and recreation. The sea has a number of major ports, including Constanta in Romania, Varna and Burgas in Bulgaria, and Odessa and Sevastopol in Ukraine.

Overall, the Black Sea plays a significant role in the economy and ecology of the countries that surround it. It is an important source of food and natural resources, as well as a popular destination for tourists and nature enthusiasts.

Danube Delta

The Danube Delta is a biodiverse region located in Romania, where the Danube River flows into the Black Sea. It is one of the largest and best-preserved deltas in Europe, and it is recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

The delta covers an area of approximately 4,152 square kilometers and is home to a rich variety of flora and fauna. It consists of a complex system of channels, lakes, and marshes, which provide habitats for over 300 species of birds, including the endangered Dalmatian pelican and pygmy cormorant.

In addition to its avian inhabitants, the Danube Delta is also home to numerous fish species, such as the Danube sturgeon, which is an important species for commercial fishing. The delta is a haven for nature lovers, offering opportunities for birdwatching, fishing, and boating.

Visitors to the Danube Delta can explore its natural beauty by taking boat tours along the channels and lakes. These tours provide an up-close look at the diverse flora and fauna of the delta, as well as the traditional fishing villages that dot the region.

Overall, the Danube Delta is a unique and fascinating ecosystem, offering a glimpse into the natural wonders of Romania. Its breathtaking landscapes and abundant wildlife make it a must-visit destination for nature enthusiasts.

Gulf of Odessa

The Gulf of Odessa is a large body of water located on the western coast of the Black Sea. It is situated in the southwestern part of the Odessa Oblast in Ukraine. The gulf stretches approximately 100 kilometers from north to south and has a width of about 30 kilometers.

The Gulf of Odessa is an important economic and transportation hub for the region. It serves as a major port for the city of Odessa, one of the largest port cities in Ukraine. The port handles a significant amount of cargo, including oil, grain, and other goods.

The gulf is also a popular tourist destination, attracting visitors with its beautiful beaches and picturesque landscapes. Its warm waters and mild climate make it an ideal location for swimming, sailing, and other water activities. The gulf is also known for its rich marine life, providing opportunities for fishing and diving.

The Gulf of Odessa is surrounded by several other notable landmarks and cities. To the south, it is bordered by the Tuzla Spit, a thin strip of land that separates the gulf from the neighboring Black Sea. To the west, the gulf is flanked by the Kinburn Spit and the Dniester Liman, a large lagoon.

In conclusion, the Gulf of Odessa is a significant feature of the western Black Sea coast. Its strategic location, natural beauty, and economic importance make it an integral part of the region.

Bulgarian Coast

The Bulgarian coast is a famous tourist destination located on the western coast of the Black Sea. It spans over 378 kilometers, offering breathtaking views and sandy beaches that attract visitors from around the world.

The coast is characterized by its golden sands, crystal clear waters, and a mild and pleasant climate, making it a perfect spot for relaxation and recreation. The Bulgarian coast is divided into two main regions: the northern coast and the southern coast.

The northern coast, also known as the “Black Sea Riviera,” is famous for its vibrant nightlife, modern resorts, and lively atmosphere. Cities like Varna, Golden Sands, and Albena offer a wide range of accommodation options, restaurants, bars, and entertainment venues.

The southern coast, on the other hand, is known for its serene and peaceful atmosphere. It is home to picturesque towns and villages such as Sozopol, Nessebar, and Pomorie, where visitors can explore historical sites and immerse themselves in the rich cultural heritage of Bulgaria.

In addition to its stunning beaches, the Bulgarian coast also offers numerous opportunities for outdoor activities. Water sports, such as sailing, windsurfing, and jet skiing, are popular among tourists. Nature lovers can also enjoy hiking in the nearby Strandzha Mountains or visiting the beautiful nature reserves along the coast.

Overall, the Bulgarian coast is a hidden gem that offers something for everyone. Whether you are seeking a lively party atmosphere or a peaceful retreat, this coastal paradise is sure to leave you with unforgettable memories.

Inland Seas

While Romania is not surrounded by any coastal seas, it does have access to several inland seas that are worth exploring.

The most famous of these inland seas is the beautiful Lake Siutghiol, located near the Black Sea. Lake Siutghiol is a highly popular tourist destination and offers a wide range of activities such as swimming, fishing, and boating. The lake is also surrounded by stunning landscapes and offers breathtaking views.

Another notable inland sea in Romania is Lake Razim, located in Dobrogea, near the border with Bulgaria. This saltwater lagoon is connected to the Black Sea through a narrow channel and is known for its diverse wildlife and bird species. Visitors can explore the lake by boat or enjoy the sandy beaches and peaceful atmosphere.

Additionally, there is Lake Sinoe, which is also located in Dobrogea and connected to the Black Sea. This shallow lagoon is known for its rich biodiversity, including various fish species and migratory birds. It is a perfect spot for nature enthusiasts and birdwatchers.

Overall, while Romania may not have any coastal seas, its inland seas offer unique and picturesque landscapes, as well as opportunities for outdoor activities and wildlife exploration.

Constanta Port

Constanta Port, located on the western coast of the Black Sea in southeastern Romania, is the largest port in the country and one of the largest ports in Europe. It plays a crucial role in the economy of Romania, serving as a major hub for international trade and transportation.

The port is a gateway to the Black Sea region, providing access to several countries including Bulgaria, Ukraine, Russia, and Georgia. It is strategically located on the Pan-European Corridor IV, which connects Western Europe to the Middle East and Central Asia.

Constanta Port has a rich history dating back to ancient times. It was established by the Greeks in the 6th century BC and has since been an important trading hub. Over the centuries, it has witnessed various civilizations and empires, leaving behind a diverse cultural heritage.

Today, Constanta Port is a modern and well-equipped facility, capable of handling a wide range of cargo including containers, bulk cargo, and liquid cargo. It has specialized terminals for various types of goods, such as oil, gas, chemicals, grain, and automobiles.

The port is also a popular cruise destination, with numerous cruise lines making stops at Constanta to explore the attractions of Romania and its neighboring countries. The nearby city of Constanta offers visitors a wealth of historical and cultural sites, including the iconic Roman Mosaic, the Great Mosque, and the Ovid Square.

Constanta Port is a vital link in Romania’s transportation infrastructure, connecting the country to the rest of the world and facilitating trade and economic growth. With its strategic location, modern facilities, and historical significance, it continues to play a key role in the development of the region.


Discover Romania: Europe’s Most Mysterious Country? 43 Fascinating Facts

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Daniela Howard

Daniela Howard, a dedicated Harpers Ferry resident, serves as the foremost expert on West Virginia. Over a decade in travel writing, her work for Family Destinations Guide offers in-depth knowledge of the state's hidden treasures, such as fine dining, accommodations, and captivating sights. Her engaging articles vividly depict family-friendly activities, making your West Virginia journey truly memorable.

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