The Summer Temperature of Mount Everest – How Cold Does it Get?

Tourist Attractions

By Erica Silverstein

Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world, is an awe-inspiring destination for both climbers and adventure seekers. Situated in the Himalayas on the border between Nepal and China, this majestic mountain is known for its extreme weather conditions, especially during the summer months.

While summer is generally considered a warmer season in most parts of the world, this is not the case on Mount Everest. In fact, the temperatures at the summit can be brutally cold, even in the peak of summer. The harsh climate and icy winds make it challenging for climbers to reach the top and survive the conditions.

The average temperature at the summit of Mount Everest during the summer months, which include June, July, and August, ranges from -10 degrees Celsius (14 degrees Fahrenheit) to -20 degrees Celsius (-4 degrees Fahrenheit). However, it is important to note that these temperatures can vary significantly depending on weather patterns and other factors.

At such extreme temperatures, climbers are at risk of hypothermia, frostbite, and other cold-related injuries. Proper gear, including insulated clothing, gloves, and mountaineering boots, is essential for anyone attempting to conquer Mount Everest in the summer. Despite these challenges, those who are well-prepared and experienced can have a truly unforgettable adventure on the roof of the world.

Climate of Mount Everest

Mount Everest, the highest peak in the world, is located in the Himalayas and experiences extreme weather conditions. The climate on Mount Everest varies greatly depending on the altitude and time of year.

At the base of the mountain, the temperature can range from mild to freezing, with an average summer temperature of around 15°C (59°F). However, as climbers ascend higher, the temperature drops dramatically. At higher altitudes, such as Camp 1 (6,065 meters) and Camp 2 (6,400 meters), the temperature can drop to as low as -20°C (-4°F) during the summer months.

As climbers reach the Death Zone, located above 8,000 meters, the temperature can reach extreme lows of -30°C (-22°F) or even colder. In addition to the cold temperatures, climbers also face strong winds, which can make the temperature feel even colder than it actually is.

The weather on Mount Everest can be unpredictable and conditions can change rapidly. Storms can quickly develop, bringing heavy snowfall and high winds, making climbing conditions extremely dangerous. It is important for climbers to be well-prepared for the harsh climate and to take necessary precautions to ensure their safety.

Despite the challenging climate, Mount Everest continues to attract adventurers from around the world, who are drawn to the thrill and accomplishment of reaching its summit. Proper training, equipment, and knowledge of the mountain’s climate are essential for a successful ascent of Mount Everest.

Altitude Temperature Range (Summer)
Base Camp (5,380 meters) 0°C to 20°C (32°F to 68°F)
Camp 1 (6,065 meters) -10°C to -20°C (14°F to -4°F)
Camp 2 (6,400 meters) -10°C to -20°C (14°F to -4°F)
Death Zone (above 8,000 meters) -20°C to -30°C (-4°F to -22°F)

Summer Temperatures on Mount Everest

Despite the popular belief that Mount Everest is always freezing cold, the summer months on the mountain can actually bring relatively mild temperatures. However, it’s important to note that “mild” is a relative term at an altitude of over 8,000 meters.

During the summer season on Mount Everest, which runs from June to August, average daytime temperatures at Base Camp can range from -5 to 5 degrees Celsius (23 to 41 degrees Fahrenheit). These temperatures may seem relatively warm, but due to the high altitude and harsh environment, they can still pose significant challenges to climbers.

As climbers ascend higher and higher on the mountain, temperatures drop dramatically. At Camp 2, located at an altitude of approximately 6,400 meters (21,000 feet), temperatures can reach as low as -20 degrees Celsius (-4 degrees Fahrenheit) during the daytime. Camp 4, also known as the Death Zone, situated at around 8,000 meters (26,000 feet), experiences even colder temperatures, often reaching below -30 degrees Celsius (-22 degrees Fahrenheit).

It’s important for climbers to be prepared for these extreme temperatures and to dress in appropriate layers to stay warm and protected from the elements. They must also take precautions to avoid frostbite and hypothermia, as the cold can be a constant threat during the summer months on Mount Everest.

Despite the relatively milder temperatures during the summer, climbers should not underestimate the challenges posed by Mount Everest. It remains a highly demanding and dangerous expedition, requiring careful planning, physical fitness, and experience in high-altitude mountaineering.

Factors Affecting Summer Temperatures

Several factors contribute to the summer temperatures on Mount Everest. These factors include:

Factors Description
Elevation Mount Everest is the highest peak in the world, with an elevation of over 8,848 meters (29,029 feet). The higher the elevation, the colder the temperatures, and this is especially true at higher altitudes.
Latitude Mount Everest is situated near the border of Nepal and China, at a latitude of about 27.9881° North. Being closer to the equator, the mountain receives more direct sunlight during the summer months, resulting in warmer temperatures.
Topography The rugged terrain and steep slopes of Mount Everest affect local weather patterns. The mountain’s topography can create temperature inversions, where cold air is trapped in lower elevations, leading to cooler temperatures.
Jet Stream The jet stream, a strong high-altitude wind current, plays a role in determining the weather conditions on Mount Everest. The position and strength of the jet stream can impact both temperature and wind speed, influencing the overall summer temperatures.
Monsoon Season In summer, Mount Everest experiences the monsoon season, characterized by heavy rainfall and increased humidity. These weather conditions can moderate temperatures by creating cloud cover and reducing the amount of direct sunlight reaching the mountain’s surface.

These factors work together to shape the summer temperatures on Mount Everest. While it may still be cold compared to other regions, the temperature variations during the summer months can be influenced by these factors.

Average Temperature Range in Summer

The average temperature range in summer on Mount Everest can vary significantly due to the extreme altitude and harsh weather conditions.

During the summer months of June, July, and August, the temperature at the base camp of Mount Everest, which is around 5,300 meters (17,388 feet) above sea level, can range from lows of around -5°C (23°F) to highs of around 10°C (50°F).

As you ascend higher up the mountain, the temperature drops further. At the summit of Everest, which stands at an elevation of 8,848 meters (29,029 feet), the average temperature in summer can fall as low as -20°C (-4°F) or even lower.

It is important to note that these are average temperature ranges and the actual temperatures experienced on Mount Everest can be much colder, especially during storms or windy conditions. Additionally, temperatures can vary throughout the day, with warmer temperatures during the day and much colder temperatures at night.

These extreme temperatures, combined with high winds and low oxygen levels, make climbing Mount Everest in summer a challenging and risky endeavor. Proper acclimatization, appropriate clothing and gear, and experienced guides are necessary to ensure safety and minimize the risk of hypothermia and frostbite.

Despite the challenging conditions, Mount Everest continues to attract climbers from around the world who are ready to face the elements and push their limits in pursuit of reaching the highest point on Earth.

Effects of Cold Temperatures on Climbers

Climbing Mount Everest in summer may seem like a daunting challenge, but the extreme cold temperatures experienced by climbers can make the journey even more perilous. The effects of these freezing temperatures can have a significant impact on climbers both mentally and physically.

One of the main physical effects of extreme cold is frostbite. When exposed to freezing temperatures for extended periods, body tissues can freeze, resulting in tissue damage and potential loss of fingers, toes, or even limbs. Climbers must take precautions to prevent frostbite by wearing layers of warm clothing and protecting exposed skin.

In addition to frostbite, cold temperatures can also lead to hypothermia. Hypothermia occurs when the body loses heat faster than it can produce it, causing a dangerously low body temperature. Symptoms include shivering, confusion, fatigue, and slurred speech. If not treated promptly, hypothermia can be life-threatening.

The extreme cold can also have psychological effects on climbers. The constant exposure to freezing temperatures, harsh conditions, and isolation can take a toll on a climber’s mental state. Climbers may experience feelings of loneliness, fear, and frustration. The need to constantly focus on survival can be mentally exhausting, leading to decreased decision-making abilities and an increased risk of accidents.

Furthermore, the altitude experienced on Mount Everest can exacerbate the effects of cold temperatures. As climbers ascend, the air becomes thinner, making it harder for their bodies to generate heat. This can make the cold feel even more intense and increase the risk of frostbite and hypothermia.

In conclusion, the cold temperatures experienced by climbers on Mount Everest in summer can have severe effects on their physical and mental well-being. Frostbite, hypothermia, and psychological challenges can all pose significant risks to climbers. It is crucial for climbers to be well-prepared, prioritize safety, and take necessary precautions to mitigate these effects.


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Erica Silverstein

Erica, a seasoned travel writer with 20+ years of experience, started her career as a Let's Go guidebook editor in college. As the head of Cruise Critic's features team for a decade, she gained extensive knowledge. Her adventurous nature has taken her to Edinburgh, Australia, the Serengeti, and on luxury cruises in Europe and the Caribbean. During her journeys, she enjoys savoring local chocolates and conquering various summits.

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