What are the names of the three sides of Mount Everest?

Tourist Attractions

By Kristy Tolley

A Brief Overview of Mount Everest

Mount Everest, also known as Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in Tibet, is the highest mountain in the world with a summit elevation of 8,848 meters (29,029 feet). Located in the Mahalangur Himal sub-range of the Himalayas, it lies on the border between Nepal and Tibet, China. The mountain is one of the most iconic symbols of the natural world and has attracted mountaineers from around the globe for decades.

The Three Sides of Mount Everest: An Overview

Mount Everest has three main routes to climb to its summit, and each route is located on a different side of the mountain. These sides are the northern side, the southern side, and the eastern side. Each side has unique characteristics and challenges that make them distinct from one another.

The Northern Side of Mount Everest: Tibetan Side

The northern side of Mount Everest, also known as the Tibetan side or the North Col, is the less popular route used by climbers to ascend the mountain. The route starts in Tibet, China, and is less crowded than the southern side. The northern side is characterized by its harsh weather conditions and the challenging terrain which makes it more difficult than the southern side. The Chinese government requires climbers to have a permit to climb the northern side, and they must climb with an authorized guide.

The Southern Side of Mount Everest: Nepalese Side

The southern side of Mount Everest, also known as the Nepalese side, is the most popular route used by climbers to ascend the mountain. The route starts in Nepal and is the easiest route to climb to the summit. The southern side is characterized by its warmer temperatures and fewer technical challenges than the northern side. Climbers must obtain a permit from the Nepalese government to climb the southern side.

The Eastern Side of Mount Everest: Kangshung Face

The eastern side of Mount Everest, also known as the Kangshung Face, is the least climbed route to the summit. The route starts in Tibet, China, and is characterized by its steep cliffs and rugged terrain. The Kangshung Face is considered the most difficult route to climb, but it offers breathtaking views of the mountain’s unspoiled wilderness.

The Tibetan Side: Geographical Features

The Tibetan side of Mount Everest is dominated by the Rongbuk Glacier, which is the largest glacier in the Himalayas. The route to the summit passes through the North Col, which is a high ridge that connects Mount Everest to its neighboring peak, Changtse. The northern side is also characterized by its harsh weather conditions, including high winds, cold temperatures, and snowstorms.

The Nepalese Side: Geographical Features

The Nepalese side of Mount Everest is dominated by the Khumbu Glacier, which is the highest glacier in the world. The route to the summit passes through the Khumbu Icefall, which is a treacherous section of the glacier known for its unstable ice formations and crevasses. The southern side is also characterized by its milder weather conditions, which make it a more popular route for climbers.

The Kangshung Face: Geographical Features

The Kangshung Face of Mount Everest is characterized by its steep cliffs and rugged terrain. The route to the summit passes through the Kangshung Glacier, which is the third largest glacier in the Himalayas. The eastern side is also characterized by its remote and unspoiled wilderness, which makes it a popular route for experienced climbers seeking a more challenging climb.

Climbing Routes on the Northern Side

There are two main routes to climb the northern side of Mount Everest: the Northeast Ridge and the North Col. The Northeast Ridge is the more popular of the two routes and takes climbers through some of the most challenging terrain on the mountain. The North Col route is less popular but is considered more difficult due to its steep incline and harsh weather conditions.

Climbing Routes on the Southern Side

There are two main routes to climb the southern side of Mount Everest: the South Col and the Southeast Ridge. The South Col route is the more popular of the two routes and takes climbers through the Khumbu Icefall, which is considered one of the most dangerous sections of the mountain. The Southeast Ridge route is less popular but is considered more challenging due to its steep incline and the technical skills required to navigate the route.

Climbing Routes on the Eastern Side

There is only one main route to climb the eastern side of Mount Everest, the Kangshung Face. This route is considered the most difficult of the three routes due to its steep cliffs and rugged terrain. Climbers must have extensive mountaineering experience to attempt this route.

Conclusion: A Summary of the Three Sides of Mount Everest

Mount Everest offers climbers three distinct routes to the summit, each with its own unique challenges and characteristics. The northern side, or Tibetan side, is characterized by harsh weather conditions and challenging terrain. The southern side, or Nepalese side, is the most popular route and offers milder weather conditions and fewer technical challenges than the other two routes. The eastern side, or Kangshung Face, is the least climbed route and offers experienced climbers a challenging climb through unspoiled wilderness. Regardless of the route chosen, climbing Mount Everest is an experience that requires extensive training, preparation, and dedication.

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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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