What is the annual number of climbers on Everest?

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By Kristy Tolley

Mount Everest, also known as Sagarmatha in Nepal and Chomolungma in Tibet, is the tallest peak in the world and the ultimate challenge for climbers. Every year, hundreds of people from different parts of the world attempt to scale the mountain, but how many achieve this feat? In this article, we will explore the annual number of climbers on Everest and various aspects of this mammoth task.

Historical Overview

The first successful ascent of Mount Everest was in 1953 by Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay. Since then, over 5,000 people have summited the peak, and the number of climbers attempting the climb has increased significantly in recent years. The number of climbers attempting to scale the mountain has put a significant burden on the local economy, environment, and the Sherpa community.

Latest Statistics

In 2019, a total of 885 climbers attempted to climb Mount Everest, and 461 climbers successfully summited the peak. This was a significant decrease compared to 2018, where 807 climbers attempted the climb, with 563 reaching the summit. The Nepalese government issues a limited number of permits each year to climb Everest, and in 2021, the government has issued 408 permits for foreign climbers, with an additional 408 for Sherpas.

Climbing Seasons

The climbing season for Mount Everest is typically from late April to early June in the spring and from mid-September to mid-November in the autumn. These seasons are considered the best times to attempt the climb due to favorable weather conditions. The weather on the mountain can be unpredictable, with high winds, low temperatures, and dangerous snowfall.

Local Regulations

The Nepalese government regulates the climbing of Mount Everest, and climbers must obtain a permit from the government to climb the peak. The government also requires climbers to have a guide and pay a deposit to ensure that they bring down their trash. The government has also implemented strict regulations to reduce environmental damage caused by climbers and porters.

Environmental Impact

The high number of climbers attempting to climb Everest has led to severe environmental degradation on the mountain. The waste generated by climbers has polluted the mountain, and the melting of glaciers due to global warming has exposed dead bodies and garbage that had been buried under the snow. The Nepalese government has taken steps to reduce the environmental impact of climbers by implementing regulations on waste disposal, limiting the number of climbers, and cleaning up the mountain.

Mount Everest Deaths

The climb to Mount Everest is dangerous, and every year, climbers die attempting to summit the peak. Since 1922, over 300 climbers have died attempting to climb the mountain. The main causes of death are altitude sickness, falls, and avalanches. Climate change has also increased the risk of avalanches on the mountain.

Climbing Routes

There are two main routes to climb Mount Everest: the South Col route in Nepal and the Northeast Ridge route in Tibet. The South Col route is the more popular route, and climbers must pass through the Khumbu Icefall, which is considered the most dangerous part of the climb due to its instability.

Equipment and Training

Climbing Mount Everest requires specialized equipment and extensive training. Climbers must have proper clothing, boots, climbing gear, and oxygen tanks to complete the climb. Climbers must also have experience climbing at high altitudes to acclimate themselves to the low oxygen levels on the mountain.

The Sherpas

The Sherpas are an ethnic group that inhabits the mountainous regions of Nepal. They are known for their mountaineering skills and have been an essential part of the Everest expeditions since the beginning. Sherpas work as guides, porters, and support staff for climbers.

Everest Expeditions

There are various companies that offer guided expeditions to Mount Everest. These companies provide support staff, equipment, and logistics for climbers attempting the climb. The cost of these expeditions can range from $30,000 to $100,000.


In conclusion, Mount Everest remains one of the most sought-after challenges for climbers worldwide. The annual number of climbers attempting the climb has increased significantly in recent years, leading to severe environmental degradation and increased risks for climbers. The Nepalese government has taken steps to address these issues, including implementing regulations and limiting the number of permits issued. Climbing Mount Everest is a dangerous endeavor that requires specialized equipment, extensive training, and support from the Sherpa community.

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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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