What is the number of counties in Ohio?

Travel Destinations

By Mackenzie Roche

Ohio’s Counties

Ohio is a state located in the Midwestern region of the United States. It has a diverse landscape, ranging from the Appalachian Mountains to the Great Lakes. Ohio has a population of approximately 11.7 million people and is divided into counties to facilitate governance and administration. Counties are political subdivisions of the state, responsible for providing essential services to their residents.

Ohio’s Formation and Early Counties

Ohio became a state on March 1, 1803, after being part of the Northwest Territory. The state’s early counties were formed during its territorial period and included Hamilton, Ross, and Washington counties. These counties were established to facilitate the administration of justice, the collection of taxes, and the provision of public services.

The State’s Modernization and New Counties

During the 19th century, Ohio underwent significant modernization, leading to an increase in the population and the creation of new counties. The state’s population grew from just over 45,000 in 1800 to over 2.6 million in 1900. As a result, Ohio created new counties to better serve its residents, with the last county being formed in 1851.

County Formation Criteria

Ohio’s constitution outlines criteria for establishing new counties. These criteria include a minimum population of 60,000, a territory area of at least 400 square miles, and a minimum assessed property valuation of $25 million. The county formation process includes a petition signed by at least one-third of the qualified electors in the area seeking to form a new county, an election to approve the formation, and the creation of a new county government.

Number of Counties in Ohio Today

Ohio currently has 88 counties, making it the sixth-largest state in terms of the number of counties. The state’s counties range in size from over 1,400 square miles to less than 400 square miles, with populations ranging from over 1.25 million to less than 8,000.

Largest and Smallest Counties in Ohio

The largest county in Ohio is Ashtabula County, with an area of 1,368 square miles, while the smallest is Lake County, with an area of 228 square miles.

Counties with the Biggest Populations

The three most populous counties in Ohio are Cuyahoga County, Franklin County, and Hamilton County. Cuyahoga County has a population of over 1.2 million, while Franklin County and Hamilton County have populations of over 1.3 million and over 810,000, respectively.

Counties with the Smallest Populations

The three least populous counties in Ohio are Noble County, Vinton County, and Monroe County, with populations of less than 15,000 each.

County Seats in Ohio

Each county in Ohio has a county seat, which is the administrative center for the county. Ohio’s county seats range from large cities, such as Cleveland and Columbus, to small towns, such as Woodsfield and Georgetown.

Ohio’s Laws and Regulations for Counties

Ohio has several laws and regulations governing the administration and governance of its counties. These laws cover areas such as county government structure, taxation, and provision of public services.

Administrative and Political Structure of Counties

Ohio’s counties have a three-member Board of Commissioners as their governing body. The Board is responsible for legislative, executive, and administrative functions. The county also has an elected County Auditor, County Treasurer, and County Recorder, among other positions.

County Services and Responsibilities in Ohio

Ohio’s counties are responsible for providing critical services to their residents, including law enforcement, courts, public health, and social services. Counties also have the authority to collect property taxes, issue licenses and permits, and manage county-owned facilities and programs.

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Mackenzie Roche

Mackenzie Roche, part of the content operations team at TravelAsker, boasts three years of experience as a travel editor with expertise in hotel content at U.S. News & World Report. A journalism and creative writing graduate from the University of Maryland, College Park, she brings a wealth of literary prowess to her work. Beyond the desk, Mackenzie embraces a balanced life, indulging in yoga, reading, beach outings, and culinary adventures across Los Angeles.

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