What is the number of mountain ranges in Iceland?

Travel Destinations

By Kristy Tolley

Iceland is a country known for its stunning natural beauty, including glaciers, waterfalls, and volcanic landscapes. The country’s unique geography includes numerous mountain ranges that add to its rugged beauty. But how many mountain ranges are there in Iceland?

Iceland’s Geography

Iceland is a North Atlantic island nation located between Greenland and Norway. The country is known for its active volcanoes, geothermal hot springs, and glaciers. The landscape is rugged, with mountains, fjords, and coastal cliffs. Iceland covers an area of 103,000 square kilometers and has a population of approximately 364,000 people.

Definition of a Mountain Range

A mountain range is a series of mountains that are connected and arranged in a line. They are usually separated from each other by valleys or lowlands. The height and width of a mountain range can vary greatly.

Counting the Mountain Ranges

Iceland has numerous mountain ranges, but the exact number is difficult to determine. Some sources suggest that there are around 100 mountain ranges in Iceland, while others estimate the number to be closer to 200.

Skjaldbreiður Range

One of the most recognizable mountain ranges in Iceland is the Skjaldbreiður Range. Located in the west-central part of the country, this range is known for its flat-topped peak that resembles a shield. The range is part of Iceland’s volcanic belt and is made up of lava flows and ash.

The Highlands

The Highlands of Iceland are a vast, uninhabited region in the center of the country. The area is known for its geothermal activity, glaciers, and rugged terrain. The Highlands are home to several mountain ranges, including the Kverkfjöll, Hveravellir, and Kerlingarfjöll ranges.

Öræfajökull Range

Located in the southeast of Iceland, the Öræfajökull Range is home to the country’s highest peak, Hvannadalshnúkur, which stands at 2,110 meters tall. The range is part of the Vatnajökull Glacier National Park and is known for its glaciers and rugged terrain.

Snæfellsjökull Range

The Snæfellsjökull Range is located on the Snæfellsnes Peninsula in western Iceland. The range is home to Snæfellsjökull, a glacier-covered volcano that is famous for its appearance in Jules Verne’s novel "Journey to the Center of the Earth."

Hekla Range

The Hekla Range is located in the south of Iceland and is home to Hekla, one of the country’s most active volcanoes. The range is known for its unique geology and rugged terrain.

Vatnajökull Range

The Vatnajökull Range is part of the Vatnajökull Glacier National Park and is located in the southeast of Iceland. The range is home to numerous glaciers and is known for its stunning natural beauty.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Iceland is home to numerous mountain ranges, but the exact number is difficult to determine. From the Skjaldbreiður Range to the Vatnajökull Range, these mountains add to the country’s stunning beauty and unique landscape.

References

  • "Iceland." Encyclopedia Britannica. Accessed July 2021.
  • "Mountain Range." National Geographic. Accessed July 2021.
  • "Skjaldbreiður." Visit Iceland. Accessed July 2021.
  • "The Highlands of Iceland." Visit Iceland. Accessed July 2021.
  • "Öræfajökull." Visit Iceland. Accessed July 2021.
  • "Snæfellsjökull." Visit Iceland. Accessed July 2021.
  • "Hekla." Visit Iceland. Accessed July 2021.
  • "Vatnajökull." Visit Iceland. Accessed July 2021.
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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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