What is the population of Lima, Peru?

Travel Destinations

By Kristy Tolley

Lima, Peru

Lima is the capital city of Peru, located on the country’s central coast. This coastal city is one of the most populated cities in South America, with a rich history and cultural heritage. Being the capital city of Peru, Lima is the economic and cultural hub of the country, attracting tourists and expatriates from all over the world.

Lima’s History and Significance

Founded in 1535 by the Spanish conquistador Francisco Pizarro, Lima has a rich and diverse history. The city was once the capital of the Inca empire and was later conquered by the Spanish, who built impressive colonial architecture throughout the city. Lima was a center of power during the Spanish colonial era and became a focal point for trade in the Americas. Today, Lima is a bustling metropolis that preserves its colonial heritage while embracing modernity.

Lima’s Geographical Location

Lima is located on the Pacific coast of Peru, in the central part of the country. The city is situated in a valley, surrounded by the Andes Mountains and the Pacific Ocean. Lima’s location provides it with a mild and temperate climate, making it a popular destination for tourists and expatriates.

Lima’s Demographic Profile

Lima is a diverse city, with a population made up of people from different ethnicities and backgrounds. The city is the most populous in Peru, with a population of over 10 million people. The majority of Lima’s population is urban, with over 80% of the population living in urban areas. The city is also home to a large number of migrants from different parts of Peru, making it a cosmopolitan and diverse city.

Lima’s Current Population

According to the National Institute of Statistics and Informatics, Lima is home to over 10 million people, making it the most populous city in Peru. The population of Lima has grown steadily over the years, with a growth rate of around 1.5% per year. The city’s population is expected to continue to grow in the coming years, with more people migrating from rural areas to urban centers.

Population Density in Lima

Lima is one of the most densely populated cities in South America, with a population density of over 3,000 people per square kilometer. The city’s population is concentrated in the urban areas, which account for over 90% of the population. The high population density in Lima has led to challenges in terms of infrastructure, housing, and public services.

Lima’s Ethnic Makeup

Lima is a diverse city, with a population made up of different ethnicities and backgrounds. The majority of the population is of mestizo heritage, which is a mix of Spanish and indigenous ancestry. There are also significant populations of indigenous peoples, African descendants, and immigrants from other countries in Latin America and beyond.

Lima’s Population Growth

Lima’s population has grown steadily over the years, with a growth rate of around 1.5% per year. The city’s population growth is driven by a combination of natural increase and migration from other parts of Peru. The high population growth rate in Lima has put pressure on the city’s infrastructure and public services, leading to challenges in terms of housing, transportation, and sanitation.

Lima’s Age Distribution

The age distribution of Lima’s population is relatively young, with a median age of around 30 years old. The majority of the population is in the working-age range, with around 65% of the population between the ages of 15 and 64. The young age distribution of Lima’s population presents opportunities for economic growth and development, as well as challenges in terms of education and employment.

Lima’s Gender Ratio

Lima’s population is roughly evenly split between males and females, with a slight majority of females. The gender ratio in the city is around 96 males per 100 females. The gender ratio in Lima is influenced by factors such as migration patterns and cultural norms.

Lima’s Economic Landscape

Lima is the economic and cultural hub of Peru, with a diverse and growing economy. The city’s economy is driven by sectors such as manufacturing, services, and tourism. Lima is also home to a significant number of multinational corporations, making it a key player in the Latin American economy. The city’s economic growth has led to improvements in living standards and quality of life for many of its residents.

Conclusion: Lima’s Population in Perspective

Lima’s population is diverse and growing, with a rich history and culture. The city’s population growth presents both opportunities and challenges for the future, as the city continues to evolve and adapt to changing circumstances. Lima’s economic and cultural significance makes it a vibrant and dynamic city, attracting tourists and expatriates from all over the world.

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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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