What is the size of Guantanamo Bay?

Tourist Attractions

By Charlotte Williams

Guantanamo Bay, also known as GTMO, is a United States naval base located in Cuba. It is one of the oldest overseas military bases operated by the US, and its location has been a source of controversy over the years. The base is known for its detention center, which has been used to hold prisoners in the War on Terror since 2002.


Guantanamo Bay was established in 1903, after the United States gained control of Cuba following the Spanish-American War. The US government negotiated a lease agreement with the new Cuban government, which allowed them to establish a naval base on the southern coast of the island. The base has been in continuous operation ever since, although it has been the subject of several controversies over the years.


Guantanamo Bay is located on the southeastern coast of Cuba, near the city of Guantanamo. The base is situated on a 45 square mile (117 km²) area of land, which includes the bay itself as well as the surrounding hills and forests.


The total acreage of Guantanamo Bay is approximately 45 square miles (117 km²). This includes the land within the base as well as the waters of the bay itself. The base is divided into several sections, including the main base area, the detention center, and several outlying areas used for training and other purposes.


The terrain of Guantanamo Bay is varied, with a mix of hills, forests, and coastal areas. The bay itself is relatively shallow, with an average depth of just 25 feet (8 meters). The surrounding hills provide some protection from storms and other weather events, and also offer some strategic advantages for military operations.


Guantanamo Bay has a wide range of buildings and facilities, including barracks, administrative buildings, a hospital, and various training and recreational facilities. The base also has its own power plant, water treatment facilities, and other infrastructure to support its operations.


The population of Guantanamo Bay varies depending on the number of troops and personnel stationed there at any given time. As of 2021, there were an estimated 5,000 US military personnel and civilians living and working on the base.

Military presence

There are several units of the US military stationed at Guantanamo Bay, including the US Navy, US Army, and US Marine Corps. The base is also home to Joint Task Force Guantanamo, which is responsible for operating the detention center and conducting other military operations in the region.

Detention center

The detention center at Guantanamo Bay is located in a separate area of the base, known as Camp Delta. The center was established in 2002 to hold prisoners captured during the War on Terror, and has been the subject of significant controversy over the years.


Guantanamo Bay has been a source of controversy since its establishment, due in part to its location on Cuban soil and the fact that it has been used to hold prisoners without trial or access to legal representation. The detention center in particular has faced significant criticism from human rights groups and other organizations.

Future plans

The future of Guantanamo Bay is uncertain, as the US government has been considering options for closing the detention center and potentially transferring the base back to Cuban control. However, no concrete plans have been announced as of yet.


The size of Guantanamo Bay is significant, both in terms of its acreage and the number of people living and working there. The base has a long and complicated history, and its future remains uncertain. However, it will continue to be an important part of US military operations in the region for the foreseeable future.

Photo of author

Charlotte Williams

Charlotte Williams, a cosmopolitan writer based in Wilmington, is the ultimate local expert for family travel at TravelAsker. Drawing on her extensive global experiences, from Paris to Bali, her articles are a treasure trove of invaluable information. With an intimate knowledge of Wilmington’s attractions, resorts, hotels, activities, and restaurants, she adds a maternal touch to her work, guiding readers towards creating cherished family memories in Delaware and beyond.

Leave a Comment