What is the size of Xainza County?

Travel Destinations

By Kristy Tolley

Introduction to Xainza County

Xainza County is one of the counties of Tibet Autonomous Region in China. It is situated in the southwestern part of the region and covers an area of approximately 12,000 square kilometers. The county is located at an altitude of over 4,200 meters above sea level, making it one of the highest regions in the world. The county is home to several ethnic groups, including Tibetans, Monpas, and Han Chinese.

Location and Geographical Features

Xainza County is situated in the southwestern part of Tibet Autonomous Region and shares borders with Nagqu and Shigatse prefectures. The county is located in the northern part of the Himalayan range, which forms a natural barrier between Tibet and the Indian subcontinent. The region is known for its rugged terrain, with vast mountain ranges, deep valleys, and high-altitude lakes. The county is home to several large lakes, including Banggong Co, which is shared with Qinghai Province.

History and Development of Xainza County

Xainza County has a rich history that dates back to ancient times. The region was an important hub for trade between Tibet and India, and many Buddhist monasteries and temples were built in the area. In the 19th century, the county came under the control of the Qing dynasty, and later, the Republic of China. Since the establishment of the People’s Republic of China, the county has experienced rapid economic development, with a focus on agriculture and tourism.

Population and Ethnic Groups

The population of Xainza County is over 25,000, with Tibetans making up the majority of the population. There are also significant numbers of Monpas and Han Chinese living in the county. The population is concentrated in the county seat of Xainza Town, and in several rural communities throughout the county.

Administrative Divisions

Xainza County is divided into five townships and three villages. The townships include Xainza Township, Xiangyang Township, Qiangma Township, Moincer Township, and Wengxu Township. The villages include Wulashan Village, Qusong Village, and Lhakang Village. The county seat of Xainza Town is located in Xainza Township.

Economy and Agriculture

The economy of Xainza County is primarily based on agriculture, with livestock farming and crop cultivation being the main sources of income for local residents. Yaks, sheep, and goats are the most commonly raised animals, while barley, wheat, and potatoes are the major crops grown in the area. The county is also home to several mineral deposits, including copper, iron, and gold.

Transportation Infrastructure

Xainza County is located on the Qinghai-Tibet Highway, which connects the county to other parts of Tibet and Qinghai Province. The county is also served by several local highways and roads. The nearest airport is located in Nagqu City, which is approximately 250 kilometers away from Xainza Town.

Educational and Healthcare Facilities

Xainza County has several primary and middle schools, as well as a vocational school. The county also has a hospital and several clinics, which provide basic healthcare services to local residents.

Cultural and Natural Attractions

Xainza County is home to several cultural and natural attractions, including the Banggong Co Lake, the Moincer Monastery, and several hot springs. The county is also known for its traditional Tibetan architecture, with many ancient buildings and temples still standing in the area.

Climate and Weather Conditions

Xainza County has a cold and dry climate, with temperatures ranging from -10°C to 18°C. The region receives very little precipitation, with most of the rainfall occurring during the summer months.

Demographic Statistics

According to the 2020 census, Xainza County has a population of 25,105, with Tibetans making up 97% of the population. The county has a population density of 2.1 people per square kilometer, which is relatively low compared to other regions in China.

Conclusion: Xainza County in the Context of Tibet

Xainza County is a region of great natural beauty and cultural significance. The county has a rich history and a unique cultural heritage, which is reflected in its architecture, art, and traditions. Despite its remote location and harsh climate, Xainza County is a thriving community that has made significant progress in recent years, thanks to the efforts of its residents and the support of the Chinese government. As a part of Tibet Autonomous Region, Xainza County plays an important role in the region’s development and cultural preservation.

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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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