What is the total land area of England in square miles?

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By Omar Perez

England is one of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom, along with Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. It has a rich history and culture, and is home to some of the world’s most iconic landmarks, such as Stonehenge and Big Ben. One important aspect of England’s geography is its land area, which is a key factor in determining population density and urban planning.

Definition of England

England is a country located in the southern part of the island of Great Britain, and is bordered by Scotland to the north and Wales to the west. It has a total area of 130,279 square kilometers, which includes both land and water. However, the focus of this article is on the land area of England, which excludes the area covered by rivers, lakes, and other bodies of water.

Land area vs total area

The land area of England is the total area of the country that is not covered by water. This includes all land that is above sea level, including mountains, hills, valleys, and plains. The total area of England, on the other hand, includes all land and water within the country’s borders. The difference between the two is significant, as the land area is a more accurate measure of the space available for human habitation and economic activity.

Sources of data

The most reliable source of data on the land area of England is the Ordnance Survey, which is the national mapping agency of the United Kingdom. It uses advanced surveying techniques to measure the precise boundaries of the country, and updates its data regularly to account for changes in the landscape. Other sources of data include government statistics and academic research.

Calculation method

The most common method for calculating the land area of England is to subtract the area covered by water from the total area of the country. This can be done using a variety of tools and techniques, including satellite imagery, GIS software, and mathematical formulas. The accuracy of the calculation depends on the quality of the data and the precision of the measurement tools.

Historical changes

The land area of England has changed over time as a result of natural and human factors. For example, the coastline has shifted due to erosion and sedimentation, while forests have been cleared for agriculture and urban development. The Ordnance Survey takes these changes into account when updating its data, which allows policymakers and planners to make informed decisions about how to manage the country’s resources.

Comparison with other countries

Compared to other countries, England has a relatively small land area. For example, its land area is about one-third the size of Germany, and one-fifth the size of France. However, England has a much higher population density than these countries, which poses unique challenges for urban planning and resource management.

Urban vs rural areas

England is home to both urban and rural areas, each with its own unique character and challenges. Urban areas are densely populated and often face issues such as traffic congestion, pollution, and housing affordability. Rural areas, on the other hand, are more sparsely populated and face issues such as declining populations, lack of infrastructure, and limited economic opportunities.

Impact on population density

The land area of England has a significant impact on population density, which is the number of people per unit of land area. England has one of the highest population densities in Europe, with an average of 432 people per square kilometer. This poses challenges for urban planning, as the demand for housing and infrastructure often outstrips the available space.

Importance for governance and planning

The land area of England is an important factor in governance and planning, as it determines the amount of space available for different types of land use, such as residential, commercial, and industrial. It also affects the distribution of resources and services, such as healthcare, education, and transportation. Understanding the land area of England is therefore essential for policymakers and planners who are responsible for managing the country’s resources and ensuring sustainable development.


The land area of England is a crucial aspect of the country’s geography, with significant implications for population density, urban planning, and resource management. While the exact size of the land area may vary slightly depending on the method used to calculate it, it is generally agreed to be around 130,279 square kilometers. Understanding the land area of England is essential for policymakers and planners who are responsible for ensuring the sustainable development of the country.


  • Ordnance Survey. (n.d.). About us. Retrieved from https://www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk/about
  • United Nations. (2019). World population prospects 2019: Highlights. Retrieved from https://population.un.org/wpp/Publications/Files/WPP2019_10KeyFindings.pdf
  • World Bank. (2021). England. Retrieved from https://data.worldbank.org/country/united-kingdom?view=chart
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Omar Perez

Omar Perez, a Caribbean correspondent at TravelAsker, is a skilled writer with a degree from Florida International University. He has published in prestigious outlets like The Miami Herald, Orlando Weekly, Miami Daily Business Review, and various New Times editions. He has also worked as a stringer for The New York Times in Miami, combining his love for travel and storytelling to vividly depict the Caribbean's charm.

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