What was the composition of the Australian government during the year 1973?

Travel Destinations

By Lucas Reynolds

Composition of Australian Government in 1973

In 1973, the government of Australia was composed of the Prime Minister, the Executive, the Parliament, the Judiciary, the Administrative System, and several Political Parties. The Australian government was a constitutional monarchy with a federal parliamentary system of government. It had a bicameral system of governance, with the Senate and the House of Representatives as the two chambers of the Parliament.

The Prime Minister in 1973 and the Executive

In 1973, the Prime Minister of Australia was Gough Whitlam, who served from 1972 to 1975. He was the leader of the Australian Labor Party (ALP) and was elected as the 21st Prime Minister of Australia in December 1972. The Executive consisted of the Cabinet, which comprised of the Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister, and other Ministers appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister. The Cabinet was responsible for the administration and governance of the country.

The Parliament in 1973: House of Representatives

The House of Representatives was the lower house of the Parliament in 1973. It consisted of 125 members who were elected for a three-year term. The Australian Labor Party had a majority in the House, with 67 seats, while the Liberal Party of Australia had 31 seats, and the National Country Party of Australia had 21 seats.

The Parliament in 1973: Senate

The Senate was the upper house of the Parliament in 1973. It consisted of 64 Senators who were elected for a six-year term. In 1973, the Australian Labor Party had 29 seats, the Liberal Party of Australia had 27 seats, and the National Country Party of Australia had 7 seats in the Senate.

The Judiciary in 1973: High Court of Australia

The High Court of Australia was the highest court in the Australian judicial system in 1973. It consisted of seven judges who were appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister. The High Court had the power of judicial review and was responsible for interpreting the Constitution of Australia and other federal laws.

The Judiciary in 1973: Other Courts

Apart from the High Court, there were several other courts in Australia in 1973, including the Federal Court of Australia, the Family Court of Australia, and the Supreme Courts of each state and territory. These courts had different jurisdictions and were responsible for hearing various types of cases.

The Administrative System in 1973: Public Service

The Administrative System in Australia in 1973 consisted of the Public Service, which comprised of different departments and agencies. The Public Service was responsible for implementing the policies and programs of the government and providing services to the citizens of Australia.

The Administrative System in 1973: State Governments

Australia had six states and two territories in 1973, each with its own government. The State Governments were responsible for the administration of their respective states and territories and had their own legislative and executive branches.

The Administrative System in 1973: Local Government

In 1973, Australia had a system of local government, which consisted of local councils and shires. These local governments were responsible for providing services to their communities, such as waste management, public transport, and parks and recreation facilities.

The Political Parties in 1973: Australian Labor Party

The Australian Labor Party (ALP) was one of the major political parties in Australia in 1973. The ALP was a center-left party and had a vision of a fairer and more equal society. The ALP’s policies focused on social justice, education, and health care.

The Political Parties in 1973: Liberal Party of Australia

The Liberal Party of Australia was the other major political party in Australia in 1973. The Liberal Party was a center-right party and believed in individual freedoms, free markets, and limited government intervention. The Liberal Party’s policies focused on economic growth, defense, and national security.

The Political Parties in 1973: National Country Party of Australia

The National Country Party of Australia was a political party that represented the interests of rural and regional Australia in 1973. The National Country Party was a conservative party and focused on issues such as agriculture, rural development, and regional infrastructure. The party formed a coalition with the Liberal Party of Australia and had a strong presence in the Parliament.

Photo of author

Lucas Reynolds

Lucas Reynolds, the mastermind behind TravelAsker's compelling content, originates from the charming Sedona, Arizona. A genuine local, he shares deep insights into the region, unveiling its enchanting attractions, tranquil resorts, welcoming accommodations, diverse dining options, and engaging pastimes. Lucas invites readers to explore captivating experiences within the stunning landscapes of Sedona and beyond, ensuring unforgettable adventures.

Leave a Comment