Which countries share a border with China?

Travel Destinations

By Lucas Reynolds

China’s Neighbors

China is the world’s most populous country and the fourth-largest country by land area. It shares borders with 14 other countries and has a coastline of over 18,000 kilometers, making it one of the most geographically diverse nations on Earth. Its borders stretch across the Himalayas, the Gobi Desert, and the Pacific Ocean.

North: Russia and Mongolia

China’s northern border is shared with Russia and Mongolia. The border with Russia is the world’s longest international border and stretches over 4,200 kilometers. The two countries share a variety of landforms, including mountains, deserts, forests, and rivers. The border with Mongolia, on the other hand, is over 4,600 kilometers long and runs through the Gobi Desert, the Altai Mountains, and the grasslands of Inner Mongolia.

Northeast: North Korea

China’s northeastern border stretches over 1,400 kilometers with North Korea. The two countries share a long history of cultural, economic, and political ties. The border is mainly formed by the Yalu River and the Tumen River and is one of the most heavily guarded borders in the world.

East: South Korea and Japan

China’s eastern border is formed by the Yellow Sea and the East China Sea. It shares a maritime border with South Korea and Japan. The border with South Korea is mainly formed by the Yellow Sea, while the border with Japan is formed by the East China Sea. The relationship between China and Japan has been complicated throughout history due to disputes over territory and resources.

Southeast: Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar

China’s southeastern border is shared with Vietnam, Laos, and Myanmar. The border with Vietnam is mainly formed by the Red River, while the border with Laos is formed by the Mekong River. The border with Myanmar, also known as Burma, is formed by the Salween River and the Irrawaddy River. These borders have been the source of many disputes throughout history.

South: Bhutan, Nepal, India

China’s southern border is mainly formed by the Himalayan Mountains and is shared with Bhutan, Nepal, and India. The border with Bhutan is mainly formed by the Himalayan Mountains, while the border with Nepal is formed by the Himalayas and the Mahakali River. The border with India is the longest border China shares with any country and is formed by the Himalayas, the Karakoram Range, and the Brahmaputra River.

Southwest: Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tajikistan

China’s southwestern border is shared with Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan. The border with Pakistan is mainly formed by the Karakoram Range, while the border with Afghanistan is mainly formed by the Wakhan Corridor. The border with Tajikistan is formed by the Pamir Mountains and is one of the most remote and inaccessible borders in the world.

West: Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan

China’s western border is mainly formed by the Tien Shan Mountains and is shared with Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. The border with Kyrgyzstan is mainly formed by the Tien Shan Mountains, while the border with Kazakhstan is mainly formed by the Altai Mountains. These borders have been the source of disputes over resources and territory throughout history.

Conclusion: China’s Diverse Borders

China’s diverse borders are a reflection of its rich history, culture, and geography. The country shares borders with some of the world’s most populous nations, as well as some of the most remote and inaccessible regions. These borders have been the source of both cooperation and conflict throughout history, and will continue to shape China’s relationships with its neighbors in the years to come.

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Lucas Reynolds

Lucas Reynolds, the mastermind behind TravelAsker's compelling content, originates from the charming Sedona, Arizona. A genuine local, he shares deep insights into the region, unveiling its enchanting attractions, tranquil resorts, welcoming accommodations, diverse dining options, and engaging pastimes. Lucas invites readers to explore captivating experiences within the stunning landscapes of Sedona and beyond, ensuring unforgettable adventures.

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