Which countries share a border with The Gambia?

Travel Destinations

By Kristy Tolley

The Geography of The Gambia

The Gambia, officially known as the Republic of The Gambia, is a small West African country located along the Atlantic coast. It is surrounded by Senegal, except for its coastline. The country has a total land area of approximately 10,689 square kilometers and is shaped like a long, narrow strip of land that runs along the Gambia River.

The Northern Border: Senegal

The northern border of The Gambia is shared with Senegal, one of the country’s closest neighbors. The border stretches over 700 kilometers and runs along the Gambia River, which flows into the Atlantic Ocean. The border has several entry points, including the Farafenye and Kerr Ayib crossing points, which are used for trade and migration. The two countries have a long history of cooperation and share many cultural and linguistic similarities.

The Southern Border: Atlantic Ocean

The southern border of The Gambia is formed by the Atlantic Ocean, which stretches for nearly 80 kilometers along the country’s coastline. The ocean provides The Gambia with access to important trade routes and fishing grounds. The country’s capital, Banjul, is located on the coast and serves as a major port for the country’s imports and exports.

The Eastern Border: Senegal

The eastern border of The Gambia is also shared with Senegal. The border runs along the Gambia River and is approximately 740 kilometers long. The two countries have a history of cooperation and have worked together on a number of development projects, including the construction of a bridge over the Gambia River that connects the two countries.

The Western Border: Atlantic Ocean

The western border of The Gambia is once again formed by the Atlantic Ocean, which stretches for over 80 kilometers along the country’s coastline. The ocean provides the country with access to important trade routes and fishing grounds, and is also a popular destination for tourists.

The Length of The Gambia’s Border

The total length of The Gambia’s land borders is approximately 1,138 kilometers. The country’s border with Senegal accounts for over 95% of this length, while the rest is made up of its coastline along the Atlantic Ocean.

The Significance of Gambia’s Borders

The borders of The Gambia are significant for a number of reasons. They provide the country with access to important trade routes, fishing grounds, and tourism opportunities. They also serve as entry and exit points for people and goods, making them critical for migration and trade.

The Impact of Gambia’s Borders on Trade

The borders of The Gambia play a crucial role in the country’s trade. They serve as entry and exit points for goods and people, making them critical for the import and export of goods. The country’s proximity to Senegal also makes it a key transit point for goods moving between West African countries.

The Importance of Gambia’s Borders for Migration

The borders of The Gambia are also important for migration. The country is a major source of emigration, with many Gambians seeking better economic opportunities abroad. The borders serve as entry and exit points for these migrants, as well as for refugees and asylum seekers.

The Challenges of Securing Gambia’s Borders

The borders of The Gambia are not without their challenges. The country has struggled with issues of border security in the past, including the smuggling of goods and people, as well as the movement of armed groups. The government has taken steps to address these challenges, including the deployment of security forces to border areas.

Conclusion: The Importance of Knowing Gambia’s Borders

In conclusion, understanding the borders of The Gambia is important for a number of reasons. They provide the country with access to important trade routes, fishing grounds, and tourism opportunities. They also serve as entry and exit points for people and goods, making them critical for migration and trade. Knowing the country’s borders can help us better understand its history, economy, and culture.

References for Further Reading

  1. CIA World Factbook: https://www.cia.gov/the-world-factbook/countries/gambia/
  2. World Bank: https://data.worldbank.org/country/gambia
  3. United Nations: https://www.un.org/en/member-states/index.html
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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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