Which individuals or groups participated in the operation desert storm?

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By Kristy Tolley

Operation Desert Storm

Operation Desert Storm was a military campaign launched by coalition forces, under the authorization of the United Nations Security Council, to liberate Kuwait from Iraqi invasion in the early 1990s. The operation was also known as the Gulf War and lasted from August 2, 1990, to February 28, 1991. It involved significant military and logistical operations on the ground, air, and sea, and saw participation from several countries across the world.

The Coalition Forces

The coalition forces were the multinational forces, sanctioned by the United Nations, that participated in the Gulf War. The coalition comprised thirty-four countries from around the world, with the United States taking the lead in the operations. The primary objective of the coalition was to force the Iraqi army to withdraw from Kuwait and restore its sovereignty. The coalition forces operated under the code name "Operation Desert Shield" until the commencement of combat operations on January 17, 1991.

United States Armed Forces

The United States played a significant role in the Gulf War and deployed over 500,000 troops as part of the operation. The US military formed the largest contingent of the coalition forces and carried out extensive air and ground attacks against the Iraqi army. The US military also deployed sophisticated equipment, including tanks, artillery, and advanced aircraft, which played a crucial role in the operation. The US military suffered relatively fewer casualties than other coalition partners, and the operation was hailed as a resounding success.

United Kingdom Armed Forces

The United Kingdom was one of the primary contributors to the coalition forces and played a critical role in the Gulf War. The UK military deployed over 50,000 troops and significant naval assets to the Gulf, which included the Royal Navy’s aircraft carriers. The UK military played a crucial role in the liberation of Kuwait, including the capture of the Al Jahra and Khafji regions. The operation saw the loss of 47 British soldiers, while a further 230 were wounded.

French Armed Forces

The French military was another significant participant in the Gulf War and provided a substantial contribution to the coalition forces. The French deployed over 18,000 personnel, including ground troops and aircraft, to the Gulf. The French military played a critical role in operations, including the capture of the As-Salman airfield, the second-largest airbase in Iraq. The French casualties during the operation stood at 13 killed and 43 wounded.

Saudi Arabian Armed Forces

The Saudi Arabian armed forces played a pivotal role in the Gulf War and provided significant support to the coalition forces. The Saudi Arabian military deployed over 100,000 troops, hundreds of tanks, and several aircraft to the operation. The Saudi Arabian military was instrumental in the liberation of Kuwait, and the operation marked a significant turning point for the country. The Saudi Arabian forces suffered 35 casualties during the operation.

Kuwaiti Armed Forces

The Kuwaiti armed forces played a crucial role in the Gulf War and provided invaluable support to the coalition forces. The Kuwaiti military suffered heavy losses during the Iraqi invasion and was rebuilt by the coalition forces before participating in the operation. The Kuwaiti military played a critical role in the liberation of their country, and several Kuwaiti units participated in the operation alongside the coalition forces.

Canadian Armed Forces

The Canadian armed forces were also major contributors to the coalition forces and deployed over 4,000 personnel to the Gulf. The Canadian military played a vital role in operations, including providing naval support to the coalition forces and carrying out air strikes against Iraq. The Canadian military suffered several casualties during the operation, with 17 soldiers losing their lives.

Australian Armed Forces

The Australian military was another significant contributor to the coalition forces and deployed over 2,000 personnel to the Gulf. The Australian military played a critical role in the operation, including providing naval support and carrying out air strikes against Iraqi targets. The Australian military suffered several casualties during the operation, with two soldiers losing their lives.

Italian Armed Forces

The Italian military also played a critical role in the Gulf War and provided significant support to the coalition forces. The Italian military deployed over 7,000 personnel, including ground troops, aircraft, and naval assets, to the operation. The Italian military played a crucial role in the liberation of Kuwait and suffered several casualties during the operation.

Spanish Armed Forces

The Spanish military was another significant contributor to the coalition forces and deployed over 2,000 personnel to the Gulf. The Spanish military played a vital role in operations, including providing naval support and carrying out air strikes against Iraqi targets. The Spanish military suffered several casualties during the operation, with six soldiers losing their lives.

German Armed Forces

The German military played a limited but critical role in the Gulf War and provided significant support to the coalition forces. The German military deployed over 7,000 personnel, including ground troops and naval assets, to the Gulf. The German military played a critical role in logistics and support operations and suffered several casualties during the operation.

Conclusion: Participants in Operation Desert Storm

The Gulf War saw the participation of several countries worldwide, with the coalition forces playing a critical role in the operation. The US military formed the largest contingent of the coalition forces, followed by the UK, France, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Canada, Australia, Italy, Spain, and Germany. The participation of these countries was instrumental in the successful liberation of Kuwait and marked a significant turning point in the geopolitics of the Middle East. The Gulf War remains a watershed moment in modern history, and the operation demonstrated the effectiveness of coordinated multinational operations in achieving strategic objectives.

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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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