Which side emerged victorious in the Afghanistan war?

Travel Destinations

By Kristy Tolley

The outcome of the Afghanistan war

The Afghanistan war officially began in October 2001, following the September 11 attacks on the United States. The primary goal of the war was to dismantle the Taliban regime, which had provided a safe haven for Al-Qaeda, the group responsible for the attacks. After 20 years of war, the question remains: which side emerged victorious?

The Taliban’s resurgence in Afghanistan

The Taliban, an Islamic extremist group, was ousted from power in 2001 by US-led forces. However, the group has since regrouped and regained control over large parts of Afghanistan. The Taliban’s resurgence can be attributed to several factors, including a lack of effective governance by the Afghan government, corruption, and insufficient support from the international community. The Taliban has also exploited the grievances of Afghans, such as unemployment, poverty, and a lack of security. The group has been able to gain support by presenting itself as a viable alternative to the government, promising to restore peace and stability in the country.

The US troop withdrawal from Afghanistan

In April 2021, US President Joe Biden announced that he would withdraw all US troops from Afghanistan by September 11, 2021. This decision marked the end of America’s longest war, but it also created a power vacuum in the country. The withdrawal was criticized for being abrupt and poorly planned, leaving the Afghan security forces vulnerable to the Taliban’s advance.

The Afghan government’s collapse

The collapse of the Afghan government was swift and unexpected. On August 14, 2021, the Taliban captured the city of Mazar-i-Sharif, one of the country’s largest cities. Within days, the group had taken control of most major cities, including Kabul, the capital. The Afghan government, which had been propped up by the US for two decades, was unable to resist the Taliban’s advance. President Ashraf Ghani fled the country, and the government crumbled.

The Taliban’s takeover of Kabul

On August 15, 2021, the Taliban entered Kabul and declared victory. The group had taken control of the presidential palace and other key government buildings. The Taliban’s takeover sparked chaos and panic in the city, with thousands of Afghans trying to flee the country. The Taliban promised to restore peace and security in the country, but their track record raises concerns about their ability to govern effectively.

International community’s responses to the Taliban

The international community has responded to the Taliban’s takeover with mixed reactions. Some countries, such as China and Pakistan, have expressed support for the Taliban and their efforts to stabilize the country. Others, such as the United States and European Union, have condemned the group’s actions and called for respect for human rights. Many countries have also evacuated their citizens and Afghan allies from the country, while others have pledged humanitarian aid to support those affected by the conflict.

The Taliban’s leadership and ideology

The Taliban is an Islamic extremist group that adheres to a strict interpretation of Sunni Islam. The group’s leadership is primarily made up of Pashtun tribesmen, who form a majority in Afghanistan. The Taliban’s ideology is based on the concept of a pure Islamic state, governed by Sharia law. The group has been criticized for its brutal treatment of women and minorities, as well as its use of violence and terror tactics.

Taliban’s relations with other terrorist groups

The Taliban has been accused of having ties to other terrorist groups, such as Al-Qaeda and ISIS. While the group has denied these claims, there is evidence to suggest that they have provided support and safe havens to these groups in the past. The Taliban’s relationship with these groups remains a concern for the international community, as it could pose a threat to global security.

Women’s rights under the Taliban regime

The Taliban’s treatment of women has been a major concern for the international community. Under the group’s previous regime, women were banned from attending school, working outside the home, and leaving their homes without a male relative. The Taliban has claimed to have changed its stance on women’s rights, but there are reports of women being forced to wear burqas and being prohibited from working in certain fields.

Security situation in Afghanistan under the Taliban

The security situation in Afghanistan under the Taliban remains uncertain. While the group has promised to restore peace and security, there are concerns that they will resort to their previous tactics of violence and terror. The Taliban has also faced opposition from various resistance groups, who have vowed to fight against their rule. The situation is further complicated by the presence of other terrorist groups in the country, such as ISIS.

Economic challenges facing Afghanistan

The Taliban’s takeover of Afghanistan has also created economic challenges for the country. The conflict has disrupted businesses and trade, causing inflation and shortages of essential goods. The international community has pledged humanitarian aid to support those affected by the conflict, but there are concerns that the Taliban’s rule could lead to further economic instability.

Conclusion: The winners and losers of the Afghanistan war

The outcome of the Afghanistan war is complex and multi-faceted. While the US-led coalition succeeded in toppling the Taliban regime, the group has since regrouped and regained control over large parts of the country. The withdrawal of US troops and the collapse of the Afghan government created a power vacuum, which the Taliban was able to exploit. The winners of the war are the Taliban, who now control the country, while the losers are the Afghan people, particularly women and minorities, who are at risk of losing their rights and freedoms. The international community also faces challenges, as the Taliban’s takeover could pose a threat to global security.

Photo of author

Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

Leave a Comment