Which two seas are adjacent to Saudi Arabia?

Travel Destinations

By Kristy Tolley

The Geography of Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia is an Arab country that covers an area of approximately 2.15 million square kilometers in the Middle East. The country is bordered by several neighboring countries, including Jordan, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Yemen. However, Saudi Arabia is also a coastal country, with access to two vital water bodies: the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf.

Red Sea: The First Adjacent Sea to Saudi Arabia

The Red Sea is a narrow body of water that lies between Africa and Asia, stretching approximately 2,250 kilometers in length. It is the first adjacent sea to Saudi Arabia, forming the country’s western border. The Red Sea has a maximum width of 355 kilometers and a maximum depth of 2,211 meters. The sea is renowned for its unique ecosystem, which includes more than 1,000 species of fish, coral reefs, and other marine life.

The Importance of the Red Sea to Saudi Arabia

The Red Sea is of great importance to Saudi Arabia. The country’s coastal cities, such as Jeddah, Rabigh, Yanbu, and Jizan, are located along the Red Sea coast, making it a crucial source of food, water, and transportation. The Red Sea also serves as a vital shipping route, connecting Asia, Europe, and Africa. The sea’s strategic location has made it a significant player in Saudi Arabia’s economy and foreign policy.

The Economic Significance of the Red Sea

The Red Sea is a significant contributor to Saudi Arabia’s economy. The country’s oil and gas industries rely heavily on the Red Sea for transportation and exports. The sea’s ports, such as Jeddah Islamic Port and King Abdullah Economic City, facilitate the export of goods, such as crude oil, refined petroleum products, and petrochemicals. The Red Sea is also a crucial factor in Saudi Arabia’s tourism industry, with coral reefs, beaches, and resorts attracting visitors from around the world.

The Red Sea’s Impact on Saudi Arabia’s Climate

The Red Sea’s proximity to Saudi Arabia has a significant impact on the country’s climate. The sea’s warm waters help to moderate the climate of the coastal regions, making them more comfortable and humid than the inland regions. The sea also contributes to seasonal rainfall, which is critical for agriculture in the region. Moreover, the Red Sea is responsible for the formation of the Shamal winds, which blow across the Arabian Peninsula during the summer months, bringing relief from the heat.

Arabian Gulf: The Second Adjacent Sea to Saudi Arabia

The Arabian Gulf is another important body of water adjacent to Saudi Arabia, forming the country’s eastern border. The gulf is an extension of the Indian Ocean, covering an area of approximately 251,000 square kilometers. Its average depth is 35 meters, with a maximum depth of 90 meters near the Strait of Hormuz.

The Importance of the Arabian Gulf to Saudi Arabia

The Arabian Gulf is critical to Saudi Arabia’s economy and national security. The country’s oil and gas reserves are primarily located along the gulf coast, making it a vital source of revenue. Moreover, the Arabian Gulf is a strategic location for the country’s military due to its proximity to Iran and other neighboring countries. The gulf also provides Saudi Arabia with access to the wider Persian Gulf region and beyond, making it an essential hub for transportation and trade.

The Economic Significance of the Arabian Gulf

The Arabian Gulf is a crucial contributor to Saudi Arabia’s economy. The country’s oil and gas industries rely heavily on the gulf for transportation and exports. The ports along the gulf coast, such as Ras Tanura, Jubail, and Yanbu, handle the majority of the country’s oil and gas exports. The Arabian Gulf is also home to significant fisheries, which provide a source of food and livelihood for many coastal communities.

The Arabian Gulf’s Impact on Saudi Arabia’s Environment

The Arabian Gulf’s warm waters have a significant impact on Saudi Arabia’s environment. The gulf’s high temperatures and salinity levels limit the diversity of marine life, causing some species to thrive while others struggle to survive. The gulf is also prone to algal blooms, which can cause fish kills and impact other marine life. Moreover, the gulf’s proximity to industrial and urban centers has led to pollution, which can harm the environment and public health.

Environmental Challenges Facing the Two Seas

Both the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf face environmental challenges, including pollution, overfishing, and climate change. The seas are also vulnerable to oil spills, which can have devastating impacts on marine life and coastal communities. Efforts are underway to address these challenges, including the implementation of conservation measures, such as marine protected areas and sustainable fishing practices.

Conclusion: The Significance of Saudi Arabia’s Adjacent Seas

The Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf are two adjacent seas that have significant importance to Saudi Arabia. The seas play a vital role in the country’s economy, national security, and environment. Both seas face environmental challenges, but efforts are being made to address them and safeguard the seas and their ecosystems for future generations.

References: Sources Consulted for the Article

  1. "Red Sea." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., n.d. Web. 29 June 2021.
  2. "Arabian Gulf." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., n.d. Web. 29 June 2021.
  3. "Overview of Saudi Arabia." CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 29 June 2021.
  4. "Saudi Arabia: Red Sea Coast." Lonely Planet. Lonely Planet, n.d. Web. 29 June 2021.
  5. "Saudi Arabia: Gulf Coast." Lonely Planet. Lonely Planet, n.d. Web. 29 June 2021.
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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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