Would Israel be considered as a developed country?

Travel Destinations

By Kristy Tolley

Defining a Developed Country

The term "developed country" is commonly used to describe a nation that has a high level of economic and social development. A developed country is characterized by a high standard of living, advanced technology, and a strong economy. It is a country that has achieved a high level of human development, which is measured by indicators such as life expectancy, education, and income.

There are various criteria that can be used to determine whether a country is developed or not. Some of these include economic indicators such as GDP per capita, infrastructure, education levels, healthcare, and innovation. In this article, we will examine how Israel compares to these criteria and whether it can be considered a developed country.

Israel’s Economic Status: A Brief Overview

Israel is a small, relatively young country located in the Middle East. Despite its size, Israel has a highly developed economy and is considered a high-income country by the World Bank. Its GDP per capita is around $40,000, which is higher than the average for the European Union and comparable to countries like South Korea and Italy.

Israel’s economy is heavily reliant on technology and innovation. The country is home to a large number of start-ups and has a highly skilled workforce. Israel is also a major exporter of high-tech goods, including software, electronics, and medical equipment. However, the country’s economy is also heavily influenced by geopolitical factors, including its ongoing conflict with Palestine and its relationship with neighboring countries in the region.

Human Development Index (HDI): Where Does Israel Stand?

The Human Development Index (HDI) is a composite measure of human development that takes into account factors such as life expectancy, education, and income. According to the United Nations Development Programme, Israel ranks 22nd out of 189 countries in terms of HDI, which is considered very high.

Israel’s life expectancy is above the average for OECD countries, at 83 years. The country also has a high literacy rate, with almost 98% of the population being able to read and write. However, Israel’s income inequality is relatively high, with a Gini coefficient of around 0.39. This means that there is a significant income gap between the richest and poorest members of society.

Education: A Key Indicator of Development

Education is a key indicator of development, as it has a direct impact on a country’s productivity, innovation, and social mobility. Israel has a highly educated population, with a literacy rate of almost 98% and a high school graduation rate of over 90%. The country also has a well-developed higher education system, with several prestigious universities, including the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the Technion.

In recent years, Israel has also invested heavily in its STEM education programs, with the aim of developing a highly skilled workforce to support its high-tech industries. The country has achieved significant success in this area, with Israeli start-ups being responsible for a large number of technological breakthroughs.

Healthcare: Another Benchmark of Development

Healthcare is another important indicator of a country’s development. Israel has a well-developed healthcare system, with a high life expectancy, low infant mortality rate, and a high number of hospital beds per capita. The country also has a strong pharmaceutical industry, with several major companies operating in Israel.

However, Israel’s healthcare system is not without its challenges. There are concerns over the quality of healthcare in certain areas, particularly in the periphery of the country. Israel also faces significant challenges in terms of healthcare affordability, with some segments of the population facing difficulties accessing healthcare services.

Infrastructure: Is Israel’s Infrastructure Developed?

Infrastructure is a crucial element of a country’s development, as it provides the foundation for economic growth and social well-being. Israel has a well-developed infrastructure, with a modern transportation system, world-class ports, and a state-of-the-art energy sector.

However, there are concerns over the sustainability of Israel’s infrastructure, particularly in relation to its water supply. Israel is one of the most water-stressed countries in the world, and its water resources are under constant pressure. There are also concerns over the maintenance of Israel’s roads and other infrastructure, with the country ranking relatively low in terms of infrastructure quality in some international rankings.

Innovation: A Strong Suit of Israel

Innovation is a key driver of economic growth and development, and Israel has established itself as a global leader in this area. The country has a highly skilled workforce and a strong culture of entrepreneurship, which has helped to fuel the growth of its high-tech industries.

Israel is home to a large number of start-ups and has been responsible for a number of technological breakthroughs, particularly in the fields of software, cybersecurity, and medical devices. The country has also invested heavily in research and development, with the aim of maintaining its position as a global innovation hub.

Income Inequality: A Challenge for Developed Countries

Income inequality is a major challenge faced by many developed countries, and Israel is no exception. The country has a relatively high Gini coefficient, which means that there is a significant income gap between the richest and poorest members of society.

There are concerns that this income inequality could have negative effects on social mobility and economic growth. Some experts argue that the high cost of living in Israel, particularly in areas such as housing, is exacerbating income inequality and making it more difficult for low-income families to get ahead.

Environmental Sustainability: Where Does Israel Stand?

Environmental sustainability is an increasingly important issue for developed countries, as they seek to address the challenges of climate change and resource depletion. Israel has made significant progress in this area in recent years, with a number of initiatives aimed at promoting renewable energy, reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and improving water efficiency.

The country has also invested in the development of green technologies, with a particular focus on solar power and water desalination. However, there are concerns over the impact of Israel’s ongoing conflict with Palestine on environmental sustainability, particularly in relation to water resources.

Global Competitiveness Index (GCI): Israel’s Ranking

The Global Competitiveness Index (GCI) is a measure of a country’s ability to compete in the global economy. Israel ranks relatively high in the GCI, at 20th out of 137 countries, which indicates that it is a highly competitive economy.

Israel’s strengths in this area include its highly skilled workforce, strong innovation culture, and advanced technological infrastructure. However, there are also challenges to Israel’s competitiveness, including its geopolitical situation, high levels of bureaucracy, and income inequality.

Conclusion: Is Israel a Developed Country?

Based on the criteria discussed in this article, it is clear that Israel can be considered a developed country. The country has a highly developed economy, a well-educated population, a strong healthcare system, and a well-developed infrastructure. It is also a global leader in innovation and has established itself as a highly competitive economy.

However, Israel also faces significant challenges, particularly in relation to income inequality, environmental sustainability, and its ongoing conflict with Palestine. These challenges will need to be addressed if Israel is to continue to develop and maintain its position as a leading global economy.

Implications of Israel’s Development Status

Israel’s development status has important implications for the country itself, as well as for the wider region and the global community. As a developed country, Israel has the potential to contribute significantly to global economic growth and innovation.

However, Israel’s ongoing conflict with Palestine and its position in the Middle East also mean that the country’s development status has significant geopolitical implications. Israel’s development could help to promote stability and prosperity in the region, but it could also exacerbate existing tensions and conflicts.

Overall, Israel’s development status is a complex issue that will need to be carefully managed in the years to come. While there are challenges to be addressed, Israel’s strengths in areas such as innovation and technology mean that it has the potential to be a major player in the global economy.

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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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