Would you classify Indonesia as a developed or developing country?

Travel Destinations

By Sarah Anderson

Defining Developed and Developing Countries

The classification of countries as developed or developing is based on several indicators such as economic, social, and political factors. Developed countries are characterized by high levels of economic growth, low levels of poverty, and developed infrastructure and technology. Developing countries, on the other hand, are characterized by low levels of economic growth, high levels of poverty, and underdeveloped infrastructure and technology.

Indonesia’s Economic Profile

Indonesia is the largest economy in Southeast Asia and the 16th largest in the world. The country’s economy has been growing steadily in recent years, and it is projected to continue growing at a rate of 5 percent annually. The main drivers of Indonesia’s economy are exports, manufacturing, and services. The country is rich in natural resources such as oil, gas, coal, and minerals, which have contributed to its economic growth.

Indonesia’s Human Development Index

Indonesia’s Human Development Index (HDI) is 0.707, which is considered medium human development. The HDI measures a country’s progress in terms of health, education, and income. Although Indonesia’s HDI has been improving in recent years, the country still faces challenges in terms of poverty, inequality, and access to education and healthcare.

Is Indonesia’s Economy Growing?

Yes, Indonesia’s economy has been growing steadily in recent years. The country’s GDP grew by 5.02 percent in 2019, which was higher than the global average of 2.9 percent. However, the COVID-19 pandemic has had a significant impact on Indonesia’s economy, with GDP contracting by 2.41 percent in 2020.

Indonesia’s Infrastructure and Technology

Indonesia’s infrastructure and technology are considered underdeveloped compared to developed countries. The country faces challenges in terms of transportation, energy, and telecommunications infrastructure. However, the government has been investing in infrastructure projects such as the construction of roads, airports, and seaports to improve the country’s infrastructure.

Indonesia’s Governance and Corruption

Indonesia’s governance has improved in recent years, and the country is considered a democratic country. However, corruption remains a significant challenge. Indonesia ranks 102nd out of 180 countries in the Corruption Perceptions Index 2020. The government has implemented anti-corruption measures, such as the establishment of the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK), to address corruption.

Indonesia’s Education and Health System

Indonesia’s education and health systems have improved in recent years. The country has made progress in terms of access to education and healthcare. However, the quality of education and healthcare remains a challenge. Indonesia has a high infant and maternal mortality rate, and access to healthcare is limited in rural areas.

Indonesia’s Poverty and Inequality

Indonesia has made progress in reducing poverty in recent years, with the poverty rate declining from 10.6 percent in 2014 to 9.4 percent in 2019. However, inequality remains a significant challenge. The richest 10 percent of the population receive 32 percent of national income, while the poorest 10 percent receive only 2.6 percent.

Indonesia’s International Relations and Trade

Indonesia has strong economic and diplomatic relations with other countries in Southeast Asia and the world. The country is a member of the G20, ASEAN, and the World Trade Organization (WTO). Indonesia’s main exports are minerals, oil, and gas. The country also imports machinery, chemicals, and food.

Indonesia’s Natural Resources and Environment

Indonesia is rich in natural resources such as oil, gas, coal, and minerals. However, the exploitation of natural resources has had a negative impact on the environment. The country faces challenges such as deforestation, air and water pollution, and climate change.

Comparing Indonesia with Other Countries

Indonesia’s economic and social indicators place it in the category of developing countries. However, Indonesia’s economy is the largest in Southeast Asia and has been growing steadily in recent years. Compared to other developing countries, Indonesia has made significant progress in reducing poverty and improving access to education and healthcare.

Conclusion: Is Indonesia a Developed or Developing Country?

Based on the economic, social, and political indicators discussed in this article, Indonesia is a developing country. While Indonesia has made progress in terms of economic growth, poverty reduction, and access to education and healthcare, the country still faces challenges such as corruption, inequality, and underdeveloped infrastructure and technology. However, Indonesia’s potential for growth and development is significant, and the country’s government and people are working to address these challenges.

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Sarah Anderson

Sarah Anderson, an Anchorage-based travel writer contributing her expertise to TravelAsker. Her in-depth knowledge of Alaska, both in her hometown and throughout the state, makes her the go-to local expert. From top-notch accommodations to delectable dining spots and thrilling activities, Sarah’s insightful recommendations ensure you’ll have a fantastic family trip in Alaska.

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