Saudi Arabia is located to the south of which nation and Oman is located to the west?

Travel Destinations

By Erica Silverstein

Saudi Arabia and Oman are two adjacent countries in the Middle East. Situated in the Arabian Peninsula, Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the region and is bordered by several countries, including Oman to the east.

However, if we look to the south of Saudi Arabia and west of Oman, we find another country that completes this geographical puzzle – Yemen. Yemen, officially known as the Republic of Yemen, is a country located at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula, bordering Saudi Arabia to the north and Oman to the northeast.

Yemen is a diverse country with a rich history and culture. It is known for its stunning landscapes, including the beautiful Socotra Island and the historic city of Sana’a, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Yemen is also famous for its ancient architecture, such as the mud-brick skyscrapers in Shibam and the striking rock-carved tombs of the ancient city of Baraqish.

Furthermore, Yemen is home to a number of ethnic groups, such as the Arab and Afro-Arab populations. The country has a unique cuisine, music, and traditional dances that reflect its cultural diversity. Yemen is also known for its coffee production, with Yemeni coffee being highly regarded around the world for its distinct flavor and quality.

In conclusion, the country that is south of Saudi Arabia and west of Oman is Yemen. This nation offers a fascinating blend of history, culture, and natural beauty, making it a captivating destination to explore.

Nation in the South of Saudi Arabia

In the south of Saudi Arabia lies the nation of Yemen. Yemen is an Arab country located in the southeastern part of the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, Oman to the northeast, and the Red Sea to the west. Yemen has a rich history and is known for its unique culture and architecture.

Yemen is the second-largest country in the Arabian Peninsula and has a diverse landscape that includes mountains, deserts, and coastal plains. The country is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the historic cities of Sana’a and Shibam.

The capital city of Yemen is Sana’a, which is also one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. The city is famous for its traditional tower houses, known as “tower houses of Yemen,” which are unique architectural structures found throughout the country.

In addition to its historical and cultural significance, Yemen is also known for its natural beauty. The country has stunning coastlines along the Red Sea and the Arabian Sea, where visitors can enjoy pristine beaches and explore underwater marine life through activities like snorkeling and scuba diving.

Yemen has faced political and humanitarian challenges in recent years, but its rich history and natural beauty continue to attract visitors from around the world. Travelers to Yemen can experience its unique culture, visit ancient ruins, explore stunning landscapes, and immerse themselves in the hospitality of the Yemeni people.

Overview of the Country

Saudi Arabia is a country located in the southwestern part of Asia. It is bordered by several countries including Yemen to the south, Oman to the southeast, the United Arab Emirates and Qatar to the northeast, and Jordan and Iraq to the northwest. The country is known for its rich cultural heritage and historical significance.

Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Middle East, covering an area of approximately 2.15 million square kilometers. It is home to a diverse population, with the majority of its citizens being Muslims. The official language of Saudi Arabia is Arabic.

The country has a desert climate, with hot summers and mild winters. It is known for its vast oil reserves, which have played a significant role in the country’s economy. Saudi Arabia is one of the world’s largest oil producers and exporters.

Saudi Arabia has a monarchy system of government, with the King being the head of state and the ultimate authority in the country. Islam is the official religion of Saudi Arabia, and the country follows a strict interpretation of Islamic law.

The economy of Saudi Arabia is primarily based on oil exports, but the government has been working towards diversifying its economy and reducing its dependence on oil. The country has made significant investments in sectors such as tourism, infrastructure, and technology to achieve this goal.

Saudi Arabia is also known for its unique architecture, with modern skyscrapers dotting its cities and ancient ruins showcasing its rich history. The country is home to several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the historic city of Diriyah and the rock art of the Hail Region.

In recent years, Saudi Arabia has undergone significant social and economic reforms, aimed at improving the rights and opportunities of its citizens. These reforms have included allowing women to drive, promoting entertainment and cultural events, and attracting foreign investment.

Overall, Saudi Arabia is a country with a rich history, a diverse population, and a rapidly evolving economy. It continues to play a significant role in both regional and global affairs.

Geographical Features

Saudi Arabia, located south of Oman and west of Saudi Arabia, is a country with diverse geographical features. Here are some of the notable features:

  • Deserts: Saudi Arabia is predominantly covered by deserts, with the Rub’ al Khali (Empty Quarter) being the largest contiguous sand desert in the world. Other notable deserts include the Nafud Desert and the Dahna Desert.
  • Mountain Ranges: The southwestern part of Saudi Arabia is home to the Asir Mountains, which have peaks reaching up to 3,000 meters. Additionally, the Sarawat Mountains run parallel to the Red Sea coast.
  • Coastline: Saudi Arabia has a lengthy coastline along the Red Sea to the west and the Arabian Gulf to the east. The Red Sea coastline is known for its pristine coral reefs and stunning underwater biodiversity.
  • Plateaus and Basins: Saudi Arabia is characterized by vast plateaus and basins, such as the Najd Plateau and the Great Nafud Basin.
  • Oases: In the midst of the arid deserts, Saudi Arabia boasts several oases that serve as havens for wildlife and provide water sources for communities.

These geographical features contribute to the diverse natural landscapes found in Saudi Arabia, making it a fascinating country to explore.

Economy and Resources

Saudi Arabia is known for its thriving economy, largely based on its vast reserves of oil and natural gas. The country has the world’s largest proven oil reserves and is one of the top oil producers and exporters. Oil accounts for the majority of Saudi Arabia’s revenue and GDP.

In addition to oil, the country also has significant reserves of natural gas, which play a crucial role in its economy. Saudi Arabia is one of the leading global producers of natural gas and actively explores and develops new gas fields.

The government of Saudi Arabia has recognized the need to diversify its economy beyond oil and gas. In line with this goal, the country has launched the Vision 2030 program, which aims to reduce its dependence on oil revenues and promote economic diversification. The program focuses on sectors such as tourism, entertainment, manufacturing, and technology.

Saudi Arabia is also investing heavily in renewable energy sources, particularly solar power. The country has ambitious plans to develop large-scale solar projects, with the goal of becoming a global leader in renewable energy production.

Key Industries Main Exports
Petroleum and Petrochemicals Oil and gas
Construction Petrochemical products
Manufacturing Plastics
Tourism Fertilizers
Information Technology Cars and vehicle parts

Saudi Arabia’s strategic location and access to major shipping routes make it an important center for trade. The country has well-developed ports and infrastructure to facilitate international trade.

Overall, Saudi Arabia’s economy is heavily reliant on its natural resources, particularly oil and gas. However, the government’s efforts to diversify the economy and invest in renewable energy sources show a commitment to long-term economic sustainability and growth.

Cultural Heritage and Traditions

Saudi Arabia and Oman are both rich in cultural heritage and traditions. The diverse ethnic groups and tribes in these nations contribute to their unique cultural identities.

In Saudi Arabia, the traditional way of life revolves around nomadic Bedouin culture. Bedouins are known for their hospitality and generosity, as well as their distinct art forms such as weaving, embroidery, and pottery. Traditional music and dance also play a significant role in Saudi Arabian culture, with traditional instruments like the oud and tabla being commonly used.

Oman, on the other hand, has a history deeply rooted in maritime trade and seafaring. The Omani people have a strong maritime tradition, with fishing and shipbuilding being important industries. Traditional Omani music, known as Omani Mizmar, is played during traditional celebrations and gatherings. Traditional Omani cuisine, which includes dishes like shuwa (slow-cooked lamb) and harees (a type of porridge), reflects the country’s rich history and cultural diversity.

Both Saudi Arabia and Oman place a strong emphasis on preserving their cultural heritage. Efforts are made to protect historical sites, such as the UNESCO-listed rock art of the Hail Region in Saudi Arabia and the ancient frankincense trees in Oman. Museums and cultural centers also play a crucial role in showcasing and educating visitors about the cultural heritage of these nations.

The cultural heritage and traditions of Saudi Arabia and Oman are a testament to the rich and vibrant history of the region. They provide a glimpse into the past while celebrating the present diversity of these nations.

Neighbor to the West of Oman

The neighbor to the west of Oman is Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is a country located in the southwestern part of Asia and is the largest country on the Arabian Peninsula. It is bordered by the Red Sea to the west and the Persian Gulf to the northeast.

Saudi Arabia shares a 676-kilometer border with Oman, making it one of Oman’s closest neighbors. The border between the two countries is mostly defined by the Empty Quarter, a large desert known for its vast sand dunes and extreme aridity.

Country Border
Saudi Arabia 676 km

Saudi Arabia and Oman have a long history of cultural and economic exchange, with many people from both countries crossing the border for trade, tourism, and pilgrimage. The border region is home to several towns and cities that serve as important economic and transportation hubs.

In addition to Saudi Arabia, Oman is also bordered by the United Arab Emirates to the northwest and the Arabian Sea to the east and south. These countries, along with Yemen to the southwest, form the immediate neighbors of Oman.

Overall, the geographic location of Oman, surrounded by Saudi Arabia to the west and other neighboring countries, plays a significant role in shaping the political, economic, and cultural dynamics of the region.

Geographical Location

Saudi Arabia is located to the south and west of Oman. It is a country situated in the southwestern part of Asia. The coordinates of Saudi Arabia are approximately between 16.9°N latitude and 42.2°E longitude.

With a total area of about 2,149,690 square kilometers, Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Middle East. It shares its borders with several countries, including Yemen to the south, Iraq to the north, and Jordan and Kuwait to the northwest. Additionally, Saudi Arabia is washed by the Red Sea to the west and the Arabian Gulf to the east.

The unique geographical location of Saudi Arabia greatly influences its climate and natural landscapes. The country experiences extreme temperatures, with hot summers and mild winters. The geography of Saudi Arabia is characterized by vast deserts, such as the Rub’ al Khali (Empty Quarter), and the Arabian Peninsula’s central plateau. The Red Sea coast is known for its coral reefs and beautiful beaches, while the Asir Mountains in the southwest offer cooler climates and stunning landscapes.

Country Border
Yemen South
Iraq North
Jordan Northwest
Kuwait Northwest
Red Sea West
Arabian Gulf East

In conclusion, Saudi Arabia is located to the south and west of Oman in the southwestern part of Asia. Its diverse geography, bordered by various countries and bodies of water, contributes to its unique climate and natural features.

Economy and Trade Relations

Saudi Arabia and Oman, located south and west of the topic nation, have strong economic and trade relations with it.

The topic nation, being strategically positioned between Saudi Arabia and Oman, benefits from its geographical location by engaging in trade with both nations. It acts as a transit hub for goods and services, facilitating the movement of goods between the two countries.

Saudi Arabia, being one of the largest economies in the region, offers various economic opportunities for the topic nation. It is a major importer of goods and services, providing a potential market for the topic nation’s exports. Additionally, Saudi Arabia is a significant investor in the region, contributing to the topic nation’s economic development.

Oman, on the other hand, has a diverse economy and is known for its trade and maritime activities. It offers opportunities for the topic nation to engage in bilateral trade partnerships, particularly in sectors such as tourism, transportation, and logistics. The topic nation can benefit from Oman’s experience and expertise in these industries.

The economic and trade relations between the topic nation, Saudi Arabia, and Oman contribute to regional economic integration and growth. It allows for the exchange of capital, goods, and services, promoting economic development and creating job opportunities.

Furthermore, these relations foster diplomatic ties and enhance political cooperation between the nations. Economic interdependence often leads to closer political relations, as nations work together to address shared challenges and pursue mutual interests.

In conclusion, the topic nation’s economy and trade relations with Saudi Arabia and Oman are crucial for its economic development and regional integration. By leveraging its geographical location and engaging in trade partnerships, the topic nation can benefit from the economic opportunities offered by these neighboring countries.


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Erica Silverstein

Erica, a seasoned travel writer with 20+ years of experience, started her career as a Let's Go guidebook editor in college. As the head of Cruise Critic's features team for a decade, she gained extensive knowledge. Her adventurous nature has taken her to Edinburgh, Australia, the Serengeti, and on luxury cruises in Europe and the Caribbean. During her journeys, she enjoys savoring local chocolates and conquering various summits.

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