Which sea that is enclosed by land borders both Russia and Iran?

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By Kristy Tolley

The boundary between Russia and Iran

The land border between Russia and Iran is one of the most significant geopolitical locations in the world. The two countries share an extensive boundary, covering over 3,000 km, and it has significant implications for politics, economics, and security in the region. One of the defining features of this boundary is that it encloses a sea, which is the largest landlocked body of water in the world.

Landlocked seas: An overview

A landlocked sea is a body of water that is surrounded entirely by land. These bodies of water are connected to the ocean through a narrow strait or channel, making them a unique feature of the earth’s geography. Examples of landlocked seas include the Dead Sea, the Aral Sea, and the Caspian Sea. Despite their lack of direct access to the open ocean, these seas play a significant role in global commerce, trade, and politics.

The geographical location of Russia

Russia is the world’s largest country, covering more than 17 million square kilometers of landmass. The country spans across the northern part of Asia and the eastern part of Europe, with a total land border of 22,125 km. It has access to the Arctic, Pacific, and Atlantic oceans, making it a significant player in global geopolitics.

The geographical location of Iran

Iran is located in Western Asia, bordered by Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Turkmenistan to the north, Afghanistan and Pakistan to the east, and Iraq to the west. The country has a coastline along the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman, giving it a strategic location in the Middle East.

A common boundary: The Caspian Sea

The Caspian Sea is the largest landlocked body of water in the world, with a surface area of 143,000 square miles. It is surrounded by five countries: Russia, Iran, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, and Azerbaijan. The sea is connected to the ocean through the Volga-Don Canal and the Caspian-Kuban Canal, making it a vital waterway for international trade.

The Caspian Sea: An overview

The Caspian Sea is an ancient body of water that has been around for millions of years. It is a unique ecosystem, with a diverse range of marine life and wildlife. The sea is also a significant source of energy, with vast reserves of oil and gas located beneath its waters.

The legal status of the Caspian Sea has been a subject of debate for many years. The five bordering countries have yet to agree on whether the sea is a lake or a sea, which has implications for the legal framework governing the use of its resources. Until recently, the countries could not agree on the ownership of the sea’s resources or the delimitation of their maritime boundaries.

The dispute surrounding the Caspian Sea

The dispute over the legal status of the Caspian Sea has led to many disagreements between the five bordering countries. Russia, Iran, and Kazakhstan argue that the sea is a lake, while Azerbaijan and Turkmenistan argue that it is a sea. The disagreement has also delayed exploration and development of oil and gas reserves in the region.

The impact of the Caspian Sea on regional politics

The Caspian Sea has significant political implications for the countries surrounding it. The sea is a crucial transportation route for goods and people, and its resources are essential to the economies of the bordering countries. As a result, the Caspian Sea is a source of geopolitical tension between the countries, and its legal status remains a contentious issue.

The economic significance of the Caspian Sea

The Caspian Sea is a vital source of energy for the region and the world. The sea’s reserves of oil and gas are estimated to be worth billions of dollars, making it a significant economic resource. However, disputes over ownership and delimitation of maritime boundaries have delayed the exploration and development of these reserves.

Environmental challenges in the Caspian Sea region

The Caspian Sea faces significant environmental challenges, including pollution, overfishing, and climate change. These challenges pose a threat to the sea’s unique ecosystem and the livelihoods of the people living in the region.

Conclusion: The strategic importance of the Caspian Sea

The Caspian Sea is a unique feature of the earth’s geography and an essential resource for the countries surrounding it. Its legal status, geopolitical implications, and economic significance make it a subject of significant debate and negotiation. The Caspian Sea’s future remains uncertain, as the bordering countries continue to navigate the challenges of ownership, exploration, and environmental conservation.

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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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