Which types of crops are cultivated in Peru?

Travel Destinations

By Kristy Tolley

Peru is one of the most diverse countries in the world, not only in terms of geography and culture but also in agriculture. This South American country is home to a wide range of crops that grow in different regions and climates, providing both food and export products. Peru’s farming industry is one of the most important sectors of its economy, contributing significantly to its GDP. In this article, we will explore some of the most popular types of crops cultivated in Peru.

The diversity of agricultural products

Peru’s diverse geography, ranging from the Andes Mountains to the Amazon rainforest and the Pacific coast, provides ideal growing conditions for a wide variety of crops. The country boasts over 4,000 varieties of potato, which is native to the Andes region. Other crops that are commonly grown in Peru include maize, coffee, cacao, rice, quinoa, and fruits like mangoes, avocados, and grapes. Peruvian farmers have a long history of cultivating these crops, and many of them are now internationally recognized for their high quality.

The top crops in the country

Peru is one of the largest producers and exporters of the following crops:


Corn is a staple food in Peru, and it is used to make a range of dishes such as tamales, chicha, and cornbread. The country is one of the largest producers of white corn in South America, and its crop is of high quality.


As mentioned earlier, Peru is home to over 4,000 varieties of potatoes, making it the potato capital of the world. Farmers grow potatoes in the Andes at high altitudes and in the coastal regions, where the climate is milder.


Peru is known for producing high-quality coffee that is grown in the Andes Mountains, where the climate is ideal for coffee cultivation. The country’s coffee is known for its rich aroma, smooth taste, and low acidity.


Quinoa is an ancient grain that has been cultivated in the Andes for over 5,000 years. It is a source of protein and is gluten-free, making it popular among health-conscious consumers.


Peru is one of the largest producers of mangoes in South America. The country’s mangoes are known for their sweet, juicy flavor and are used to make juices, jams, and other products.


Peru is also a major producer of avocados, which are used to make guacamole and other dishes. The country’s avocados are known for their rich, creamy texture and flavorful taste.


Peru is one of the largest grape producers in South America, and its grapes are exported to various countries. The country’s grapes are known for their sweetness and are used to make wine, juices, and other products.


Peru is the world’s leading producer of asparagus, which is exported to various countries. The country’s asparagus is known for its tender, flavorful taste, and it is used in a range of dishes.


Peru is a major producer of cacao, which is used to make chocolate. The country’s cacao is known for its rich flavor and is used by many well-known chocolate makers.


Peru’s diverse climate and geography provide ideal growing conditions for a wide range of crops, making it one of the world’s most important agricultural producers. From potatoes to coffee, mangoes to asparagus, Peru’s crops are widely recognized for their high quality and unique flavors. The country’s agricultural industry is a vital part of its economy and has helped it become a significant player in the global market.

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Kristy Tolley

Kristy Tolley, an accomplished editor at TravelAsker, boasts a rich background in travel content creation. Before TravelAsker, she led editorial efforts at Red Ventures Puerto Rico, shaping content for Platea English. Kristy's extensive two-decade career spans writing and editing travel topics, from destinations to road trips. Her passion for travel and storytelling inspire readers to embark on their own journeys.

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