With which ocean does Nigeria share its border?

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By Erica Silverstein

Nigeria’s Geographical Location

Nigeria is a country located in West Africa. It is bordered by Niger to the north, Chad to the northeast, Cameroon to the east, and Benin to the west. To the south, Nigeria has a coastline on the Gulf of Guinea, which is part of the Atlantic Ocean. Nigeria’s strategic location has made it an important player in the region, both economically and politically.

Understanding Nigeria’s Land Borders

Nigeria’s land borders stretch for a total of 4,047 kilometers. The country’s northern border with Niger runs for 1,497 kilometers, while its eastern border with Cameroon is 1,690 kilometers long. The border with Chad in the northeast is 87 kilometers, while the western border with Benin spans for 773 kilometers. Nigeria shares a border with no fewer than four countries, which has made it a hub for cross-border trade and migration.

How Many Countries Border Nigeria?

As mentioned earlier, Nigeria shares a land border with four countries – Benin, Niger, Chad, and Cameroon. This makes Nigeria a hub for regional trade and commerce. The country has also been a destination for refugees and migrants from neighboring countries, which has contributed to its diverse population.

Nigeria’s Maritime Boundaries

Besides its land borders, Nigeria also has maritime boundaries. The country’s maritime borders are defined by the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which grants coastal states exclusive rights over the exploration and exploitation of natural resources in their waters. Nigeria’s maritime borders are defined by its proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Guinea.

Which Ocean is Nigeria Closest to?

Nigeria is located in close proximity to the Atlantic Ocean. The country’s southern border is defined by the Gulf of Guinea, which is part of the Atlantic Ocean. The Gulf of Guinea is an important shipping route for oil tankers and cargo vessels, and is also home to some of the richest fishing grounds in the world.

Does Nigeria Share a Border with the Atlantic Ocean?

Nigeria cannot be said to share a border with the Atlantic Ocean, as the ocean is not a land mass. However, Nigeria’s proximity to the Atlantic Ocean and its coastal states make it an important player in regional maritime affairs.

The Gulf of Guinea and Nigeria’s Coastal States

Nigeria has a total of nine coastal states, all of which are located on the Gulf of Guinea. These states are Lagos, Ogun, Ondo, Delta, Edo, Akwa Ibom, Cross River, Rivers, and Bayelsa. The Gulf of Guinea is an important economic zone, with rich fishing grounds and vast reserves of oil and gas.

The Benin-Nigeria Maritime Boundary

Nigeria’s maritime boundary with Benin is defined by the International Court of Justice (ICJ). The boundary was established in 2002, and demarcates the exclusive economic zones (EEZs) of both countries. The EEZs are important areas for resource exploration and exploitation.

The Cameroon-Nigeria Maritime Boundary

Like the Benin-Nigeria boundary, the maritime boundary between Cameroon and Nigeria is also defined by the ICJ. The boundary dispute between the two countries was resolved in 2002, and the two countries now have well-defined maritime boundaries.

Nigeria’s Economic Zone and Continental Shelf

Nigeria’s exclusive economic zone (EEZ) extends up to 200 nautical miles (370 kilometers) from its coastline. The country also has a large continental shelf, which is an important source of oil and gas. The Nigerian government has been working to develop its offshore oil and gas reserves, which are estimated to be some of the largest in the world.

Potential for Oil and Gas Exploration in Nigeria’s Waters

Nigeria’s maritime boundary with the Atlantic Ocean and the Gulf of Guinea has made it an important player in the global oil and gas industry. The country has vast reserves of oil and gas, both onshore and offshore, and is Africa’s biggest oil producer.

Conclusion: Nigeria’s Strategic Geopolitical Position

Nigeria’s location in the heart of West Africa has made it an important player in regional and global affairs. The country shares borders with four other countries and has a long coastline along the Gulf of Guinea. Nigeria’s maritime boundaries are important areas for resource exploration and exploitation, and the country’s oil and gas reserves make it a key player in the global energy industry. As such, Nigeria’s strategic geopolitical position has made it an important hub for trade, commerce, and diplomacy in the region.

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Erica Silverstein

Erica, a seasoned travel writer with 20+ years of experience, started her career as a Let's Go guidebook editor in college. As the head of Cruise Critic's features team for a decade, she gained extensive knowledge. Her adventurous nature has taken her to Edinburgh, Australia, the Serengeti, and on luxury cruises in Europe and the Caribbean. During her journeys, she enjoys savoring local chocolates and conquering various summits.

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